flourished с 540–520 BC, Greece

Greek potter.

He was the most famous of the black-figure vase painters (see black-figure pottery). His name is found on 13 surviving vases. He is known for his elegant drawing; his greatest gift was for conveying pathos and insight rather than overt action. Some 40 unsigned vases are attributed to him on stylistic grounds. He also made clay plaques designed to decorate tombs.

* * *

▪ Greek artist
also spelled  Execias 
flourished c. 550–525 BC
 Greek potter (Greek pottery) and painter who, with the Amasis Painter, is considered the finest and most original of black-figure (black-figure pottery) masters of the mid-6th century BC and is one of the major figures in the history of the art. He signed 13 vases (2 as painter and potter and 11 as potter). The commonest inscription on the vases is “Exekias epoiēsen me” (“Exekias made me”).

      On Exekias' amphora in the Vatican, the vase represents Achilles and Ajax playing a board game on one side. On the other side is a young man, Castor, with his horse, Kyllaros; other figures are his mother, Leda, his father, Tyndareus, and his twin brother, Pollux (Polydeuces).

      The second amphora “made and decorated” by Exekias is at Berlin. On one side Heracles is shown wrestling with the Nemean lion. On the other side are two Attic warriors, Demophon and Akamas, the sons of Theseus. This was probably one of Exekias' earliest works. Parts of it have been restored.

      It is not certain how many of the nine remaining vases inscribed as “made by” Exekias were also painted by him.

      Some unsigned vases (his total known output is only about 40 vases) have been attributed to Exekias on the basis of their stylistic relation to the Vatican amphora. Foremost among these are an amphora in Boulogne, Fr., illustrating the death of Ajax, and a calyx krater (a vessel used for mixing wine with water) at Athens. This calyx krater is probably the earliest example of this pottery shape, which may have been Exekias' own invention.

      In addition to vases, Exekias was responsible for a set of clay plaques, about 15 inches high, of funerary scenes, designed to decorate a tomb. A kylix (a shallow drinking cup) now in Munich, of a type just coming into use in Exekias' time, also carries the potter's signature and depicts Dionysus reclining in a ship.

      Exekias' grand, calm depiction of tragic themes, qualified by his attention to psychological tension, ensures him a central place in any account of the basic tendencies of ancient Greek art.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EXÉKIAS — (2e moitié EXÉKIAS VIe s.) Peintre et potier, Exékias représente le courant de la céramique attique à figures noires de la seconde moitié du EXÉKIAS VIe siècle qui, par son style, s’oppose à la tendance maniériste du Peintre d’Amasis, son… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Exekias — (Εξηκίας, a Greek name) or Execias (Latinization) was an ancient Greek vase painter and potter, who worked between approximately 550 BC 525 BC at Athens. The pottery, however, was exported to other regions, such as Etruria. Exekias worked mainly… …   Wikipedia

  • Exekias — Exekias,   griechisch Exekịas, attischer Töpfer und herausragender Vasenmaler der schwarzfigurigen Technik, tätig um 550 530 v. Chr. Mehrere Gefäße tragen seine Signatur. Zu seinen Werken gehören die Schale mit der Meerfahrt des Dionysos… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Exekias — Töpfersignatur des Exekias Exekias (griechisch Ἐξηκίας) war ein griechischer Vasenmaler und Töpfer des schwarzfigurigen Stils, der um 550 bis 530 v. Chr. in Athen tätig war …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Exékias — Dionysos et son fils Oinopion, amphore attique à figures noires, v. 540 530 av. J. C., British Museum (B 210) Exékias (en grec ancien Εξηκίας) était peintre sur vase et potier de la Grèce antique. Sa période de production …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Exekias — (floreció 540–520 BC, Grecia). Alfarero griego. Fue el pintor más famoso de jarrones de figuras negras (cerámica de figuras negras). Su nombre se ha encontrado en 13 jarrones. Es conocido por la elegancia de su dibujo. Su don más importante fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grabtafeln des Exekias — Die Grabtafeln des Exekias sind ein mehrteiliges antikes Kunstwerk des attischen Malers Exekias. In der modernen Forschung gilt der Athener Vasenmaler Exekias als der bedeutendste Vertreter seiner Zunft im Schwarzfigurigen Stil. So verwundert es… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halsamphora des Exekias (Berlin F 1720) — Die Halsamphora des Exekias ist eine Amphora im schwarzfigurigen Stil des attischen Vasenmalers und Töpfers Exekias. Sie befindet sich im Besitz der Antikensammlung Berlin, wo sie unter der Inventarnummer F 1720 geführt und im Alten Museum… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Эксекий — (Exékías)         древнегреческий гончар и вазописец 3 й четверти 6 в. до н. э. Среди произв. Э., крупнейшего представителя развитого чёрнофигурного стиля, амфоры с росписями «Ахилл в борьбе с Пентесилеей. Мемнон с негром» (см. илл.), «Геракл в… …   Большая советская энциклопедия

  • Schwarzfigurige Vasenmalerei — Herakles und Geryoneus auf einer attisch schwarzfigurigen Amphora mit großzügigem Deckfarbenauftrag; um 540 v. Chr.; heute in den Staatlichen Antikensammlungen, München …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”