Ebbinghaus, Hermann

Ebbinghaus, Hermann
born Jan. 24, 1850, Barmen, Rhenish Prussia
died Feb. 26, 1909, Halle, Ger.

German psychologist.

He pioneered in experimental methods for measuring rote learning and memory, demonstrating that memory is based on associations. His well-known "forgetting curve" relates forgetting to the passage of time. His major works are Memory (1885) and Principles of Psychology (1902).

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▪ German psychologist
born Jan. 24, 1850, Barmen, Rhenish Prussia [Germany]
died Feb. 26, 1909, Halle, Ger.

      German psychologist who pioneered in the development of experimental methods for the measurement of rote learning and memory.

      Ebbinghaus received his Ph.D. degree from the University of Bonn in 1873. Shortly thereafter he became assistant professor at the Friedrich-Wilhelm University, Berlin, a post he held until 1894, when he was appointed professor at the University of Breslau.

      Using himself as a subject for observation, Ebbinghaus devised 2,300 three-letter nonsense syllables for measuring the formation of mental associations. This learning invention, together with the stringent control factors that he developed and his meticulous treatment of data, brought him to the conclusion that memory is orderly. His findings, which included the well-known “forgetting curve” that relates forgetting to the passage of time, were reported in Über das Gedächtnis (1885; Memory).

      After completing his work on memory, Ebbinghaus turned to research on colour vision and in 1890, with the physicist Arthur König, founded the periodical Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane (“Journal of the Psychology and Physiology of the Sense Organs”). In conjunction with a study of the mental capacities of Breslau schoolchildren (1897), he created a word-completion test. That same year the first part of another work on which his reputation rests, Grundzüge der Psychologie (1902; “Principles of Psychology”), was published. In 1905 he left Breslau for the University of Halle, where he wrote a still more popular work, Abriss der Psychologie (1908; “Summary of Psychology”). Ebbinghaus' research showed that, contrary to prevailing beliefs, scientific methods could be applied to the study of the higher thought processes.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Ebbinghaus, Hermann — ► (1850 1909) Psicólogo alemán. Investigó sistemáticamente los procesos de la memoria. Creó la curva de olvido que lleva su nombre. * * * (24 ene. 1850, Barmen, Prusia Renania–26 feb. 1909, Halle, Alemania). Psicólogo alemán. Fue pionero en los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Hermann Ebbinghaus — (* 24. Januar 1850 in Barmen; † 26. Februar 1909 in Halle/Saale) war ein deutscher Psychologe. Sein Sohn war der Philosoph Julius Ebbinghaus. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hermann Ebbinghaus — Hermann Ebbinghaus. Hermann Ebbinghaus (1850 1909) Filósofo y psicólogo alemán. Nació en Barmen, ciudad cercana a Bonn. A los 17 años acudió a Bonn para estudiar historia y filosofía, luego partió a Halle y más tarde a Berlín. Sus estudios fueron …   Wikipedia Español

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  • EBBINGHAUS (H.) — EBBINGHAUS HERMANN (1850 1909) Psychologue allemand, qui s’est attaché à mettre au point des méthodes de mesure pour l’étude des processus mentaux supérieurs. Né près de Bonn, fils de marchand, Ebbinghaus fait des études d’histoire, de philologie …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hermann — Hermann, Ludimar * * * (as used in expressions) Boerhaave, Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Hermann Fischer, Emil (Hermann) Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring, Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink, Bernard (Johann Hermann) Helmholtz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Hermann — (as used in expressions) Boerhaave Hermann Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Broch Hermann Ebbinghaus Hermann Fischer Emil Hermann Ford Hermann Hueffer Göring Hermann Hermann Goering Haitink Bernard Johann Hermann Helmholtz Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von… …   Universalium

  • Hermann Ebbinghaus — (January 24, 1850–February 26, 1909) was a German psychologist who pioneered the experimental study of memory, and is known for his discovery of the forgetting curve and the spacing effect. He was also the first person to describe the learning… …   Wikipedia

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