Dzerzhinsky, Feliks (Edmundovich)

Dzerzhinsky, Feliks (Edmundovich)
born Sept. 11, 1877, Dzerzhinovo, near Minsk, Russian Empire
died July 20, 1926, Moscow, Russia, U.S.S.R.

Russian Bolshevik leader, head of the first Soviet secret-police organization.

Son of a Polish nobleman, he was repeatedly arrested for revolutionary activities beginning in 1897. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he headed the newly created Cheka, which became Soviet Russia's security-police agency. He organized the first concentration camps in Russia and acquired a reputation as a ruthless and fanatical communist. In 1924 he was given control of the Supreme Economic Council.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich — ▪ Russian revolutionary Polish  Feliks Dzierżyński  born Sept. 11 [Aug. 30, Old Style], 1877, Dzerzhinovo, near Minsk, Russian Empire [now in Belarus] died July 20, 1926, Moscow       Bolshevik leader, head of the first Soviet secret police… …   Universalium

  • Dzerzhinsky, Feliks Edmundovich — (1877–1926)    Born into a family of Polish landowners, Dzerzhinsky joined the Socialist Democratic Party of Poland and Lithuania while a student. As a political activist, he was arrested and imprisoned by the tsarist authorities on several… …   Historical dictionary of Russian and Soviet Intelligence

  • Feliks Dzerzhinski — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar al …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dzerzhinsky — /dzɪəˈʒinski/ (say dzear zheenskee) noun Feliks Edmundovich, 1877–1926, Polish born organiser and head of the Soviet Cheka …  

  • Felix Dzerzhinsky — Felix Edmundovich Dzerzhinsky (Polish: Feliks Edmundowicz Dzierżyński, Russian: Феликс Эдмундович Дзержинский, Belarusian: Фелікс Эдмундавіч Дзяржынскі; OldStyleDate|11 September|1877|30 August ndash;July 20, 1926) was a Polish Communist… …   Wikipedia

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  • KGB — the intelligence and internal security agency of the former Soviet Union, organized in 1954 and responsible for enforcement of security regulations, protection of political leaders, the guarding of borders, and clandestine operations abroad. Also …   Universalium

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  • Warsaw — /wawr saw/, n. 1. Polish, Warszawa. a city in and the capital of Poland, in the E central part, on the Vistula River. 1,436,000. 2. a town in N Indiana. 10,649. * * * I City (pop., 2001 est.: 1,610,471), capital of Poland, on the Vistula River.… …   Universalium

  • Dzerzhinsk, Russia — For other places with the same name, see Dzerzhinsk. Dzerzhinsk (English) Дзержинск (Russian)   …   Wikipedia

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