Dufay, Guillaume

Dufay, Guillaume
or Du Fay

born с 1400
died Nov. 27, 1474, Cambrai, Bishopric of Cambrai

Franco-Flemish composer, principal composer of the Burgundian school.

As a boy he sang in the choir of Cambrai Cathedral. Ordained a priest, he acquired a high reputation for learnedness. In 1428 he joined the papal singers in Rome, by which time his works had made him famous. He returned to Cambrai с 1440, where he would supervise the cathedral's music for the rest of his life, apart from a period (1451–58) working for the duke of Savoy. Many musicians came to learn under him, and he enjoyed renown as the greatest living composer. His surviving works, which employ a richly harmonic texture, include some 90 chansons, 13 motets, and at least 6 complete masses, including such early cantus-firmus works as L'Homme armé and Se la face ay pale.

* * *

▪ French composer
Dufay also spelled  Du Fay  
born c. 1400
died Nov. 27, 1474, Cambrai, Bishopric of Cambrai
 French composer noted for both his church music (liturgical music) and his secular chanson.

      Dufay was chorister at the Cambrai cathedral (1409), entered the service of Carlo Malatesta of Rimini c. 1420, and in 1428 joined the papal singers. In 1426 he became a canon of Cambrai. After seven years with the Duke of Savoy he lived at Cambrai from about 1440 and supervised the music of the cathedral. He took a degree in canon law about 1445 and in 1446 became a canon of Mons. Dufay's surviving works include 87 motets, 59 French chansons, 7 Italian chansons, 7 complete masses, and 35 mass sections. He often used, and may have originated, the technique of fauxbourdon, a style of composition based on the sonorities of the third and sixth and derived from English descant, an improvisational practice.

      During his Italian period Dufay composed a number of ceremonial motets for public celebrations, among them the election of Pope Eugenius IV (1431), the Treaty of Viterbo (1433), and the dedication of Brunelleschi's dome for Sta. Maria del Fiore, Florence (1436). For the brilliant “Feast of the Pheasant” held in 1454 by Philip the Good of Burgundy and intended to initiate a crusade to recapture Jerusalem, Dufay composed a lamentation for the Church in Constantinople.

      Dufay's chansons, normally in three voices, deal with subjects such as springtime, love, and melancholy. Most use the poetic-musical forms of the ballade, rondeau, and virelai; a few are written in freer form.

      Dufay's masses laid the foundation for the rapid musical development of the mass in the second half of the 15th century. His complete mass settings are in four voices and use a cantus firmus placed in the tenor line. His canti firmi include secular songs such as L'homme armé (used by many composers up to Palestrina) and his own ballade Se la face ay pale, and sacred melodies such as Ave Regina coelorum.

      In these and other works of his Cambrai period Dufay perfected a graceful and expressive style that incorporated into continental music the sweet harmonies of the contenance angloise or “English manner” that according to Martin le Franc's Le Champion des Dames (c. 1440) he had adopted from John Dunstable. In his music he created the characteristic style of the Burgundian composers that links late medieval music with the style of later Franco-Flemish composers of the Renaissance.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dufay,Guillaume — Du·fay (do͞o fāʹ, dü ), Guillaume. 1400? 1474. Flemish composer regarded as the first great composer of the Renaissance. He is particularly known for his Mass compositions. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dufay, Guillaume — (ca. 1397 1474)    Flemish composer and singer, associated with the court of the dukes of Burgundy, though he seems not to have been a regular member of the ducal chapel. He began as a choirboy at Cambrai cathedral and from 1420 to 1457 served… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Dufay, Guillaume — ► (1400 74) Compositor flamenco. Compuso música profana y religiosa. Obras: Ecce ancilla Domini y Ave Regina coelorum (misas). * * * o Du Fay ( 1400–27 nov. 1474, Cambrai, obispado de Cambrai). Compositor francoflamenco, principal compositor de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dufay — Dufay, Guillaume …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Guillaume Dufay — Dufay (left), with Gilles Binchois Guillaume Dufay (Du Fay, Du Fayt) (August 5, 1397?[1] – November 27, 1474) was a Franco Flemish composer of the early Renaissance. As the central figure in the Burgundian School, he was the most famous and… …   Wikipedia

  • Guillaume Dufay — (à gauche) et Gilles Binchois (à droite), enluminure de 1451. Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guillaume — Guillaume, Charles Édouard Guillaume, G. Paul * * * (as used in expressions) Apollinaire, Guillaume Crèvecoeur, Michel Guillaume Saint Jean de Dufay, Guillaume Dupuytren, Guillaume Gide, André (Paul Guillaume) Guillaume d Auvergne …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dufay — (Guillaume) (v. 1400 1474) compositeur franco flamand qui travailla en Italie puis à Cambrai, où il avait reçu sa formation et où il mourut: messes, motets, magnificat, chansons françaises (rondeaux) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Guillaume — Fr. /gee yohm /, n. Charles Édouard Fr. /shannrddl ay dwannrdd /, 1861 1938, Swiss physicist: Nobel prize 1920. * * * (as used in expressions) Dufay Guillaume Dupuytren Guillaume Gide André Paul Guillaume Guizot François Pierre Guillaume Machaut… …   Universalium

  • Guillaume Dufay — Dufay (izquierda) y Gilles Binchois Nacimiento 5 de agosto de 1397? Beersel, actual Bélgica …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”