Dou, Gerrit

Dou, Gerrit
or Gerard Dou

born April 7, 1613, Leiden, Neth.
died Feb. 9, 1675, Leiden

Dutch painter.

From 1628 to 1631 he studied with Rembrandt, adopting his subject matter, careful draftsmanship, and dramatic treatment of light and shadow. When Rembrandt left Leiden, Dou developed his own style, painting smooth, meticulously detailed, small-scale domestic interiors and portraits. He used the "frame within a frame" device of surrounding his figures by a window or curtain and excelled at scenes lit by candlelight. With Jan Steen he was among the founders of the Guild of St. Luke at Leiden (1648).

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▪ Dutch painter
Gerrit also spelled  Gerard  
born April 7, 1613, Leiden, Neth.
died Feb. 9, 1675, Leiden
 Dutch Baroque painter, leading artist of the school of Leiden, especially known for his domestic genre paintings and portraits.

      He was first trained by his father, a glazier and glass engraver. From 1628 to 1631 he studied with Rembrandt, adopting the master's choice of subject matter and his use of impasto, careful draftsmanship, and dramatic treatment of light and shadow; e.g., “Rembrandt's Mother” (c. 1630; Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam). After Rembrandt left Leiden in 1631, his influence on Dou gradually weakened. Dou continued to paint on wood in a small scale, often enclosing his works in specially made cases, which he decorated. The portraits of his Rembrandtesque phase gave way to a predominance of domestic genre subjects, rich in accessory details. His colours became cooler and his technique more highly refined. The enamel-smooth surfaces of his works are equaled by only a few contemporary painters of still life in the 17th-century Netherlands. Still life itself plays an important role in Dou's work: for example, his kitchen scenes are often crowded with vegetables, poultry, and utensils—as in “The Young Mother” (1658; Mauritshuis, The Hague). His most characteristic device is the painted “frame within the frame,” or pictures where the viewer looks through a grayish stone window into a domestic interior—e.g., “A Poulterer's Shop” (National Gallery, London). After 1650 he painted many nocturnal scenes lit by candlelight—e.g., “Night-School” (c. 1660; Rijksmuseum). Dou's jewellike effects and his laboriously perfected style often became, in the hands of his numerous followers, an empty and tedious accomplishment.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dou, Gerrit — o Gerard Dou (7 abr. 1613, Leiden, Países Bajos–9 feb. 1675, Leiden). Pintor holandés. De 1628 a 1631 estudió con Rembrandt, de quien adoptó los temas, la cuidadosa facultad para dibujar y el teatral tratamiento de la luz y la sombra. Cuando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Gerrit — ist ein friesisch niederfränkischer Männername[1], der vor allem in den Niederlanden wie auch im nordfriesischen und ostfriesischen Nordseeraum gebräuchlich ist. Er ist die Kurzform von Gerhard.[1] Eine andere Schreibweise ist Gerit oder… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gerrit Reynst — (1599, Amsterdam 29 June 1658, Amsterdam) (also known as Gerard Reynst) was, like his younger brother Jan (1601 29 June 1646), a Dutch merchant and art collector from Amsterdam. Gerrit s collection included Italian old master paintings and… …   Wikipedia

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  • Dou — (spr. do u, Dov), Gerrit (Gerard), holländ. Maler, geb. 7. April 1613 in Leiden, gest. daselbst im Februar 1675, lernte bei Bart. Dolendo die Kupferstecherkunst, bei P. Couwenhorn die Glasmalerei und war von 1628–31 Schüler Rembrandts, von dem er …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Dou —   [dɔu], Gerard (Gerrit), niederländischer Maler, * Leiden 7. 4. 1613, begraben ebenda 9. 2. 1675. Dou war Rembrandts erster Schüler (1628 31) und erlernte aus dessen Frühwerk die miniaturhafte Arbeitsweise, die ihn zum Begründer der »Leidener… …   Universal-Lexikon

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