Dior, Christian

Dior, Christian
born Jan. 21, 1905, Granville, France
died Oct. 24, 1957, Montecatini, Italy

French fashion designer.

He trained for the French diplomatic service, but in the financial crisis of the 1930s he began illustrating fashions for a weekly periodical. In 1942 he joined the house of the Parisian designer Lucien Lelong. In 1947 he introduced his revolutionary "New Look," which featured small shoulders, a natural waistline, and a voluminous skirt, a drastic change from the World War II look of padded shoulders and short skirts. In the 1950s the "sack," or "H" line, became the characteristic silhouette of his designs. He was instrumental in commercializing Parisian fashion on a worldwide scale.

Christian Dior, 1957.

Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

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▪ French designer
born January 21, 1905, Granville, France
died October 24, 1957, Montecatini, Italy
 French fashion designer whose creations dominated world fashion in the decade following World War II.

      Dior was born into a wealthy family and trained for the French foreign service, but in the midst of the financial crisis of the 1930s he went to work illustrating fashions for the weekly Figaro Illustré. In 1938 he became an assistant designer for the leading couturier of Paris, Robert Piguet, and four years later joined the house of designer Lucien Lelong (1889–1958).

 In 1947, backed by French entrepreneur Marcel Boussac (Boussac, Marcel), Dior introduced the revolutionary New Look, spurring international controversy over its radically lowered hemline. The look featured small shoulders, a cinched waist, and a voluminous skirt—a drastic change from the World War II look of padded shoulders and short skirts.

      The overnight sensation of the New Look was followed by 10 years of outstanding success. In the 1950s, Dior introduced a variety of new silhouettes, including the H-line, the A-line, and the Y-line. Dior was instrumental in commercializing Parisian fashion on a worldwide basis and in regaining for Parisian couturiers the ground that had temporarily been lost to American designers. Upon Dior's death in 1957, his assistant Yves Saint Laurent (Saint Laurent, Yves) took over the couture house. Saint Laurent held this position until 1960, when he was drafted into the French army. Subsequent creative directors at the House of Dior have included Marc Bohan, Gianfranco Ferré, and John Galliano.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Dior, Christian — (1905 1957)    Born in Normandy, France, as one of five children, Dior exhibited a love of art from his early childhood. When the family moved to Paris, Dior studied economics and painted for pleasure. Family financial difficulties prompted him… …   Historical Dictionary of the Fashion Industry

  • Dior, Christian — (1905 1957)    couturier    Born in Granville, Christian Dior came late to fashion, founding his own couture house in 1946. He was an immediate success with his new look collection (shirtwaist dresses, long and ample skirts). Encouraged by his… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Dior, Christian — ► (1905 57) Modista francés. Fue un innovador de la alta costura. * * * (21 ene. 1905, Granville, Francia–24 oct. 1957, Montecatini, Italia). Diseñador de modas francés. Estudió para el servicio diplomático francés, pero durante la crisis… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Dior,Christian — Di·or (dē ôrʹ), Christian. 1905 1957. French fashion designer noted for his New Look of 1947 that emphasized narrow shoulders, tight waists, and long, full skirts. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dior — Dior, Christian …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Christian Dior — Born 21 January 1905(1905 01 21) Granville, Manche, France Died 23 October 1957(1957 10 23) (aged 52) Montecatini Terme, Tuscany, Italy Nationality French …   Wikipedia

  • Christian Dior SA — (more commonly known as Dior) is a French clothing retailer, under control of the LVMH group. The company was founded by fashion designer Christian Dior.Christian Dior SA itself controls 42% of LVMH assets, which holds other fashion brands such… …   Wikipedia

  • DIOR (C.) — DIOR CHRISTIAN (1905 1957) Christian Dior a apporté à la mode le new look, qui a marqué la période de l’après guerre. D’un caractère discret, introverti, Christian Dior, le couturier sans doute le plus célèbre du XXe siècle, connaît de 1947 à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Dior Homme — is the menswear division of Christian Dior SA, the French clothing retailer. Dior Homme is currently under the creative direction of Kris Van Assche since spring/summer 2008. Dior Homme had previously been directed by Hedi Slimane since the… …   Wikipedia

  • Dior — n. m. PEDOL Sol ferrugineux non lessivé de la zone sahélienne, favorable à la culture de l arachide et du petit mil. Dior (Christian) (1905 1957) couturier français …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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