Dewey, George

Dewey, George
born Dec. 26, 1837, Montpelier, Vt., U.S.
died Jan. 16, 1917, Washington, D.C.

U.S. naval commander.

He graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy in 1858 and served with Union naval forces in the American Civil War. In 1897 he commanded the U.S. Asiatic Squadron. In the Spanish-American War he sailed from Hong Kong to the Philippines to defeat the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay (1898); he opened fire with the command, "You may fire when you are ready, Gridley." His victory, with no loss of U.S. ships, led to U.S. acquisition of the Philippines. In 1899 Congress created for him the rank of admiral of the navy.

George Dewey

Brown Brothers

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▪ United States naval commander
born Dec. 26, 1837, Montpelier, Vt., U.S.
died Jan. 16, 1917, Washington, D.C.
 U.S. naval commander who defeated the Spanish fleet at the Battle of Manila Bay (Manila Bay, Battle of) during the Spanish-American War (1898).

      A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Md., in 1858, Dewey was commissioned a lieutenant three years later. In the U.S. Civil War (1861–65), he served with Union naval forces in the battles of New Orleans (1862) and Port Hudson and Donaldsonville, La. (1863). In 1864–65 he served in the North Atlantic blockading squadron.

      After receiving periodic promotions, Dewey was assigned (1897), at his own request, to the U.S. Asiatic squadron. Anticipating war with Spain, he undertook an intensive study of the Spanish-owned Philippine Islands and prepared his fleet for battle. When war did break out (April 1898), he sailed from Hong Kong to the Philippines, and on the evening of April 30 his squadron entered Manila Bay, where the Spanish fleet was anchored near Cavite Island. Dewey, with his four cruisers and two gunboats in line, opened fire the following morning shortly before 6:00 AM with the now-famous command, “You may fire when you are ready, Gridley.” American naval gunfire had sunk or destroyed most of the Spanish warships by the time the squadron withdrew about 7:35 AM. The American ships resumed the action a few hours later to reduce the remaining Spanish ships and the shore batteries around Cavite. The Spaniards offered little effective resistance, and Dewey was able to defeat them without the loss of a single man. His victory resulted in the acquisition of the Philippines by the United States and signaled the expansion of that country's power into the western Pacific.

      Dewey subsequently returned home and was welcomed in New York City with a great ovation. In March 1899 the U.S. Congress created for him the rank of admiral of the navy, the highest rank ever held by a U.S. naval officer. For the last 17 years of his life he served as president of the general board of the navy.

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  • Dewey,George — Dew·ey (do͞oʹē, dyo͞oʹē), George. 1837 1917. American naval officer known for his victory at Manila Bay (May 1, 1898) in the Spanish American War. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dewey, George — (26 dic. 1837, Montpelier, Vt., EE.UU.–16 ene. 1917, Washington, D.C.). Oficial de marina estadounidense. Egresó en 1858 de la Academia Naval y prestó servicios en la fuerza naval de la Unión durante la guerra de Secesión. En 1897 estuvo al mando …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Dewey — (* 26. Dezember 1837 in Montpelier, Vermont; † 16. Januar 1917 in Washington, D.C.) war ein Admiral der US Navy und einziger Träger des höchsten Ranges der US Navy: Admiral of the Navy. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Ehrungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • George — George, David Lloyd George, Henry George, Pierre George, Stefan * * * (as used in expressions) Aberdeen, George Hamilton Gordon, 4 conde de George William Russell Akerlof, George A. Alexander, Harold (Rupert Leofric George) Alexander, 1 conde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • George Dewey — Almirante George Dewey George Dewey (26 de diciembre de 1837 – 16 de enero de 1917) almirante de la Fuerza Naval Estadounidense, es más recordado por su victoria (sin la pérdida de uno solo de sus hombres) en la Batalla de la Bahía de Manila… …   Wikipedia Español

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  • George — /jawrj/, n. 1. a figure of St. George killing the dragon, esp. one forming part of the insignia of the Order of the Garter. 2. Brit. Slang. any coin bearing the image of St. George. 3. a word formerly used in communications to represent the… …   Universalium

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