De Havilland, Sir Geoffrey

De Havilland, Sir Geoffrey
born July 27, 1882, Haslemere, Surrey, Eng.
died May 21, 1965, Watford, Hertfordshire

British aircraft designer and manufacturer.

In 1910 he built and flew an airplane with a 50-horsepower engine. He formed his own company in 1920 and built the commercially successful two-seater Moth. In World War II the twin-engined Mosquito was the company's most successful product. After the war he pioneered the manufacture of jet-propelled airplanes with his Comet passenger jet and Vampire and Venom jet fighters.

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▪ British aircraft designer
born July 27, 1882, Haslemere, Surrey, Eng.
died May 21, 1965, Watford, Hertfordshire
 English aircraft designer, manufacturer, and pioneer in long-distance jet flying. He was one of the first to make jet-propelled aircraft, producing the Vampire and Venom jet fighters.

      In 1910 he successfully built and flew an airplane with a 50-horsepower engine. De Havilland then joined the army balloon factory and originated the British Experimental (B.E.) series of tractor biplanes. During World War I he worked as chief designer and test pilot for the Aircraft Manufacturing Company and produced a number of successful fighters and light bombers. In September 1920 he formed the De Havilland Aircraft Company. The success of the Moth, a light two-seater, made the company financially successful and started the flying club movement in Great Britain. In World War II the company's most successful product was the twin-engined Mosquito, a high-speed, all-purpose aircraft of plywood construction. After the war, he pioneered the Comet airliner and D.H. “Ghost” jet engines. De Havilland was knighted in 1944.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Geoffrey de Havilland — Sir Geoffrey de Havilland (* 27. Juli 1882 in Haslemere, Surrey; † 21. Mai 1965 in Watford) war ein britischer Flugpionier und Konstrukteur. Er war ein Cousin der Schauspielerinnen Olivia de …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Havilland —   [ hævɪlənd],    1) Sir Geoffrey De, britischer Flugzeugkonstrukteur, De Havilland, Sir Geoffrey.    2) Olivia de, amerikanische Schauspielerin, de Havilland, Olivia …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Geoffrey de Havilland — Infobox Person name = Geoffrey de Havilland image size = 150px caption = Geoffrey de Havilland (left) with Frederick Handley Page birth name = birth date = Birth date|1882|07|27|df=y birth place = High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England death date …   Wikipedia

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • Geoffrey — /jef ree/, n. a male given name: from Germanic, meaning divine peace. * * * (as used in expressions) Chaucer Geoffrey Dawson George Geoffrey George Geoffrey Robinson De Havilland Sir Geoffrey Derby Edward George Geoffrey Smith Stanley 14th earl… …   Universalium

  • Geoffrey — (as used in expressions) Chaucer, Geoffrey Dawson, George Geoffrey George Geoffrey Robinson De Havilland, Sir Geoffrey Derby, Edward (George Geoffrey Smith) Stanley, 14 conde de Geoffrey de Monmouth Taylor, Sir Geoffrey Ingram …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sir — (Voz inglesa.) ► sustantivo masculino Tratamiento honorífico empleado por los británicos. * * * sir (ingl.; pronunc. [ser]) m. *Tratamiento de respeto usado en Inglaterra delante de un nombre de hombre o para dirigirse a la persona de que se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Geoffrey de Havilland — Sir Geoffray De Havilland (1882 1965) est un industriel britannique qui crée la De Havilland Aircraft Company en 1920. Lui même ingénieur et pilote, il conçoit de nombreux prototypes d avions dont le De Havilland Comet, premier avion commercial à …   Wikipédia en Français

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