Damascus Document

Damascus Document
or Zadokite Fragments

Document associated with the ancient Jewish community at Qumrān.

The group had fled to the desert during Antiochus IV Epiphanes's persecutions (175–164/163 BC). The document must predate the revolt of AD 66–70, which forced the community to disband. It is known from fragments found in caves at Qumrān as well as from 10th–12th-century manuscripts. The first section calls for fidelity to God's covenant and observance of the Sabbath and also introduces the sect's leader, the Teacher of Righteousness. The second contains statutes dealing with vows, community assemblies, and admission and instruction of new members. See also Dead Sea Scrolls.

* * *

in full  The Document Of The New Covenant In The Land Of Damascus,  also called  Zadokite Fragments,  

      one of the most important extant works of the ancient Essene community of Jews at Qumrān in Palestine. The Essenes fled to the Judaean desert wilderness around Qumrān during Antiochus IV Epiphanes' persecution of Palestinian Jews from 175 to 164/163 BC. Though a precise date for the composition of the Damascus Document has not been determined, it must have been written before the great Jewish revolt of 66–70 AD, which forced the Qumrān community to disband. See also Dead Sea Scrolls.

      Two medieval manuscripts dating from the 10th and 12th centuries were discovered in 1896–97 in the geniza (storeroom) of the Ezra synagogue in Cairo. They were published under the title Fragments of a Zadokite Work because members of the Essene community also called themselves Sons of Zadok (the Righteous One). The subsequent discovery of extensive Hebrew fragments from caves IV and VI at Qumrān confirmed that the document was indeed one of the major doctrinal and administrative codes of the Essene sect.

      The Damascus Document consists of two major sections. The “exhortation” sets forth the sect's religious teaching, emphasizing fidelity to God's covenant with Israel and strict observance of the sabbath and other holy days. It also introduces the sect's enigmatic leader, the Teacher of Righteousness, whom scholars have not been able to identify. Opposed by the Wicked Priest (possibly either of two high priests of the Hasmonean dynasty in Jerusalem: Jonathan, 152–143/142 BC, or Alexander Jannaeus, 103–76 BC), he was persecuted and exiled. The sect believed that a messianic age would commence 40 years after the death of the Teacher. The second section contains a list of statutes dealing with vows and ritual purity, guidelines for community assemblies, the selection of judges, and the duties of the Guardian, who controlled the admission and instruction of new members.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Damascus Document — The Damascus Document (CD) (the Cairo Damascus document) or Damascus Rule is one of the most interesting texts of the Dead Sea Scrolls because it is the only Qumran sectarian work that was known before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. There …   Wikipedia

  • Damascus Document — This Zadokite document accorded the symbol CD was discovered in the Cairo geniza by S. Schechter in 1896, and is dated in the 10th cent. CE. It is now known to be related to the Dead Sea scrolls. In two columns, it regulates Sabbath observances… …   Dictionary of the Bible

  • DAMASCUS, BOOK OF COVENANT OF — (the Zadokite Documents or the Damascus Document; abbr. CD for Cairo Damascus), work presenting the views of the sect which is said to have left the Land of Judah and emigrated to the Land of Damascus. The work first became known through the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • DAMASCUS — DAMASCUS, capital of Syria; in olden times a caravan center at an oasis in Southern Syria, on the principal crossroads between Mesopotamia Syria and Palestine Transjordan. In the Bible The name appears as דַּמֶּשֶׂק Dammesek (but once as… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Damascus, Maryland —   CDP   Location …   Wikipedia

  • Damascus Protocol — The ARAB STATE (green) as promised to the Hashemites by the Protocol of Damascus (1914), later disrupted by the Sykes Picot agreement and League of nations mandates. The Damascus Protocol was a document given to Faisal bin Hussein by the Arab… …   Wikipedia

  • Damascus Declaration — The Damascus Declaration (Arabic: إعلان دمشق‎) was a statement of unity by Syrian opposition figures issued in October 2005. It criticized the Syrian government regime as authoritarian, totalitarian and cliquish, and called for peaceful, gradual …   Wikipedia

  • Damascus International Airport — Aéroport international de Damas Aéroport international de Damas Matar Dimashq al Dawly Damascus International Airport.jpg Code AITA DAM Code OACI OSAP Pays Syrie Ville desservie Damas …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John of Damascus — Chrysorrhoas redirects here. For the river, see Barada. Saint John of Damascus Saint John Damascene (arabic icon) Doctor of the Church Born …   Wikipedia

  • Kairos Document — The Kairos Document (KD) is a theological statement issued in 1985 by a group of black South African theologians based predominantly in the black townships of Soweto, South Africa. The statement challenged the churches response to what the… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”