Cornell, Joseph

Cornell, Joseph
born Dec. 24, 1903, Nyack, N.Y., U.S.
died Dec. 29, 1972, New York, N.Y.

U.S. assemblage artist.

He had no formal artistic training. In the 1930s and '40s he was associated with the Surrealists in New York City (see Surrealism). He was an originator of the assemblage; his most distinctive works were "boxes," usually with glass fronts, containing objects and pieces of collage arranged in elegant but enigmatic compositions. Recurrent motifs include astronomy, music, birds, seashells, glamour photographs, and souvenirs of travel. His appeal rested on the Surrealist technique of irrational juxtaposition and on nostalgia.

* * *

▪ American sculptor
born December 24, 1903, Nyack, New York, U.S.
died December 29, 1972, New York, New York

      U.S. artist, one of the originators of the form of sculpture called assemblage, in which unlikely objects are joined together in an unorthodox unity.

      Cornell was self-taught, and in the 1930s and 1940s he associated with Surrealist artists and writers, concerned with expressing the subconscious, his works being presented in the first U.S. exhibition of Surrealists (New York City, 1932).

      Many of Cornell's works take the form of glass-fronted boxes containing objects and collage elements arranged in enigmatic, often poetic juxtaposition. Recurrent themes and motifs include astronomy, music, commedia dell'arte, birds, seashells, broken crystal, and souvenirs of travel. Chocolat Menier (1950), for example, is a spare yet fanciful boxed collage of tattered labels and worn surfaces.

Additional Reading
Dore Ashton, A Joseph Cornell Album (1974, reprinted 1989); Kynaston McShine (ed.), Joseph Cornell (1980, reissued 1996); Deborah Solomon, Utopia Parkway: The Life and Work of Joseph Cornell (1997).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cornell, Joseph — ► (1903 72) Escultor estadounidense. Es famoso su relieve en madera, vidrio, papel y alambre, Carrusel. * * * (24 dic. 1903, Nyack, N.Y., EE.UU.–29 dic. 1972, Nueva York, N.Y.). Artista estadounidense del ensamblaje. No tuvo educación artística… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Cornell — (* 24. Dezember 1903 in Nyack, New York; † 29. Dezember 1972 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Bildhauer, Maler und Experimentalfilmer. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CORNELL (J.) — CORNELL JOSEPH (1903 1972) Artiste américain, Cornell, né à Nyack, au nord de New York, a vécu son enfance auprès d’un père, élégant designer de textiles, et d’une mère dont le hobby était d’écrire des scénarios. Musiciens, ils l’emmenaient au… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Cornell — Cornell, Joseph * * * (as used in expressions) Cornell, Joseph Cornell, Katharine Cornell, Universidad de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Joseph Cornell — This article is about the artist and sculptor. For the writer, see Joseph Bharat Cornell. Joseph Cornell Cornell in 1971 Born December 24, 1903(1903 12 24) …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Cornell —  Pour l’article homonyme, voir Joseph Bharat Cornell pour l auteur et éducateur naturaliste.  Joseph Cornell, né le 24 décembre 1903 à Nyack dans l État de New York et mort le 29 décembre 1972, était un sculpteur américain, comptant… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Joseph — (as used in expressions) Abbot, Sir John (Joseph Caldwell) Addison, Joseph Akiba ben Joseph Jacques Joseph Ahearn Arrow, Kenneth J(oseph) Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph Banks, Sir Joseph Belloc, (Joseph Pierre) Hilaire Berrigan, Daniel (Joseph) y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cornell — /kawr nel /, n. 1. Ezra, 1809 74, U.S. capitalist and philanthropist. 2. Katharine, 1898 1974, U.S. actress. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cornell University Cornell Joseph Cornell Katharine * * * …   Universalium

  • Joseph Cornell — (24 de diciembre de 1903 – 29 de diciembre de 1972) fue un pintor y escultor estadounidense, uno de los pioneros y exponentes más destacados del denominado arte de assemblage. Recibió influencias de los surrealistas, además fue un cineasta… …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”