Constance, Lake

Constance, Lake
German Bodensee ancient Lacus Brigantinus

Lake, bordering Switzerland, Germany, and Austria.

Occupying an old glacier basin at an elevation of 1,299 ft (396 m), it has an area of 209 sq mi (541 sq km) and an average depth of 295 ft (90 m). It forms part of the course of the Rhine River, and by the Middle Ages it was a major traffic hub. Spectacular Alpine scenery makes the lakeshore a popular resort area. The remains of Neolithic lake dwellings are found in the area.

* * *

also called  Lake of Constance , Constance also spelled  Konstanz , German  Bodensee , Latin  Lacus Brigantinus 
 lake bordering Switzerland, Germany, and Austria and occupying an old glacier basin at an elevation of 1,299 feet (396 m). It has an area of 209 square miles (541 square km) and is about 40 miles (65 km) long and up to 8 miles (13 km) wide, with an average depth of 295 feet (90 m) and a maximum depth of 827 feet (252 m). It has about 125 miles (200 km) of shoreline. In the west, near Konstanz (Constance), it is divided by the Bodan mountain ridge into two parts: the Unter Lake (south) and the Überlinger Lake (north). The lake's main body southeast of Konstanz is called the Ober Lake. The lake forms part of the course of the Rhine River, which enters it in the southeast near Bregenz and leaves it at the west via the Unter Lake. The island of Mainau is north of Konstanz in the Überlinger Lake, and the island of Reichenau is west of the city in the Unter Lake. Konstanz itself is a “political island,” for it is the only part of Germany on the lake's southwestern shore; it is entirely surrounded by Swiss territory, except on the northeast where it fronts on the lake.

      The name Bodensee probably derives from the Carolingian imperial palatinate of Bodman at the northwest end of the Überlinger Lake. By the Middle Ages, the lake was a major traffic centre as the meeting place of roads from all directions. There are remains of Neolithic lake dwellings in the area.

      The lake stores and reflects heat, contributing to the unusually sunny and mild climate along its shores. The fertile slopes along its shores support fruit-growing and wine production, and there is fishing for lake trout and salmon. Spectacular Alpine scenery combines with the mild climate to make the lake a popular resort area. The major lakeside cities are Konstanz, Lindau, and Friedrichshafen, Ger.; Bregenz, Austria; and Kreuzlingen, Switz.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Constance,Lake of — Constance, Lake of or Bo·den·see (bōdʹn zā ) An Alpine lake bordering on southern Germany, northern Switzerland, and western Austria. * * * …   Universalium

  • Constance, Lake — or German Bodensee geographical name lake 46 miles (74 kilometers) long W Europe on border between Germany, Austria, & Switzerland …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • CONSTANCE, LAKE —    or BODENSEE    partly in Germany and partly in Switzerland; is about 44 m. long and 9 m. broad at most; is traversed by the Rhine from W. to E., is 1306 ft. above sea level; is surrounded by vineyards, cornfields, and wooded slopes; its waters …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Constance, Lake — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Constance Lake First Nation — Constance Lake Community Building …   Wikipedia

  • Constance Lake Water Aerodrome — IATA: none – ICAO: none – TC LID: CNQ5 Summary Airport type Private Operator C. S. Haddad …   Wikipedia

  • Lake Constance — This article is about the European lake. For the lake in New Zealand, see Lake Constance, New Zealand. Constance Lake redirects here. For the First Nations community in Canada, see Constance Lake First Nation. Lake Constance Bodensee …   Wikipedia

  • lake — lake1 /layk/, n. 1. a body of fresh or salt water of considerable size, surrounded by land. 2. any similar body or pool of other liquid, as oil. 3. (go) jump in the lake, (used as an exclamation of dismissal or impatience.) [bef. 1000; ME lak(e) …   Universalium

  • Lake — /layk/, n. Simon, 1866 1945, U.S. engineer and naval architect. * * * I Relatively large body of slow moving or standing water that occupies an inland basin. Lakes are most abundant in high northern latitudes and in mountain regions, particularly …   Universalium

  • Constance Hopper — …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”