Colet, John

Colet, John
born 1466/67, London, Eng.
died Sept. 16, 1519, Sheen, Surrey

British theologian.

He studied mathematics and philosophy at Oxford and extended his studies abroad. Returning to England, he became ordained, sometime before 1499. He was appointed dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1504 and founded St. Paul's School around 1509. One of the chief Tudor humanists, he promoted Renaissance culture in England and influenced such humanists as Desiderius Erasmus, St. Thomas More, and Thomas Linacre.

* * *

▪ English theologian and educator
born 1467, London
died Sept. 16, 1519, Sheen, Surrey, Eng.

      theologian and founder of St. Paul's School, London, who, as one of the chief Tudor Humanists, promoted Renaissance culture in England.

      The son of a prosperous merchant who had been Lord Mayor of London, Colet studied mathematics and philosophy at Oxford and then travelled and studied for three years in France and Italy. He returned to England c. 1496 and was ordained in 1498. He lectured at Oxford University, to which he invited Desiderius Erasmus (Erasmus, Desiderius), the brilliant Humanist of the northern Renaissance. In addition to Erasmus, Colet collaborated with and influenced such prime Humanists (humanism) as Sir Thomas More and Thomas Linacre, prototype of the scholar-physicians of the Renaissance. Colet was appointed dean of St. Paul's Cathedral in 1504 and founded St. Paul's School c. 1509.

      Colet's devotion to Humanism was diversely expressed. His insistence that the classics be taught diffused a sounder knowledge of Greek and Latin and of ancient life and thought. He revered the 3rd-century philosopher Plotinus, founder of the Neoplatonist school; Marsilio Ficino, one of the leaders of Renaissance Platonism; and Dionysius the Areopagite, allegedly an early Christian convert regarded as the author of The Mystical Theology of the Celestial Hierarchies, on which Colet wrote a treatise. His contempt for contemporary ecclesiastical abuses was so intense that his denunciation of the sins of the clergy caused him to be suspected of heresy.

      Colet's works, mainly unpublished until the 19th-century editions of J.H. Lupton (1867–76), include commentaries on Romans and Corinthians and treatises on the sacraments and the church. With Erasmus and John Lily, he wrote a Latin grammar that was widely used for many years.

Additional Reading
Works on Colet include J.H. Lupton, A Life of John Colet… (1887, reprinted 1974); Ernest William Hunt, Dean Colet and His Theology (1956); and Leland Miles, John Colet and the Platonic Tradition (1961).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Colet, John — • Dean of St. Paul s Cathedral and founder of St. Paul s School, London; b. in London, 1467; d. there 18 Sept., 1519 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Colet, John     Jo …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • COLET, John — (c. 1467 1519) An English educator, clergyman, and humanist, John Colet founded St. Paul s School, London. The son of Sir Henry Colet, a merchant twice lord mayor of London, Colet matriculated at Oxford around 1483 and went to France and Italy to …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Colet, John — (1467 1519)    English humanist and reformminded clergyman. He was an outspoken (but strictly Catholic) critic of the worldliness and neglect of duty typical of many English clergymen. Born the son of a rich London merchant, Colet studied at… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Colet, John — (c. 1466–1519)    Theologian.    Colet was the son of a Lord Mayor of London and was educated at the University of Oxford. He gave a famous series of lectures on St paul’s epistles in which he advocated a return to the simplicity and discipline… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Colet,John — Col·et (kŏlʹət), John. 1467? 1519. English scholar and theologian who founded Saint Paul s School in London (1509) to promote classical as well as scriptural learning. * * * …   Universalium

  • Colet, John — (1466/67, Londres, Inglaterra–16 sep. 1519, Sheen, Surrey). Teólogo británico. Estudió matemática y filosofía en Oxford, y prosiguió sus estudios en el extranjero. Al regresar a Inglaterra, se ordenó sacerdote en fecha incierta antes de 1499. Fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • COLET, JOHN —    dean of St. Paul s, a patron of learning, a friend and scholar of Erasmus, a liberal and much persecuted man; far in advance of his time; founded and endowed St. Paul s School; wrote a number of works, chiefly theological, and Letters to… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • COLET, John — (1467 1519)    English theologian and classical scholar whose CHRISTIAN HUMANISM had a profound effect on the English REFORMATION …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Colet, John — (1467 1519)    Scholar and theologian, was b. in London, the s. of a wealthy citizen, who was twice Lord Mayor. The only survivor of a family of 22, he went to Oxf. and Paris, and thence to Italy, where he learned Greek. He entered the Church,… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • John Colet — Portrait by Hans Holbein the Younger. Full name John Colet Born January 1467 London, England Died …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”