Church, Frederic Edwin

Church, Frederic Edwin
born May 4, 1826, Hartford, Conn., U.S.
died April 7, 1900, near New York, N.Y.

U.S. landscape painter.

He studied with Thomas Cole in Catskill, N.Y., and soon became one of the most prominent members of the Hudson River school. He traveled widely, seeking out spectacular scenery and marvels of nature such as Niagara Falls, volcanoes, icebergs, and the tropical forests of South America, and he achieved fame and success at home and in Europe. His house, Olana, on the Hudson River, is now a museum.

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▪ American painter
born May 4, 1826, Hartford, Connecticut, U.S.
died April 7, 1900, near New York, New York

      American Romantic landscape painter who was one of the most prominent members of the Hudson River school.

      Church studied with the painter Thomas Cole (Cole, Thomas) at his home in Catskill, New York, and they remained friends throughout their lives. From the beginning Church sought for his subjects marvels of nature such as Niagara Falls, volcanoes in eruption, and icebergs. He was greatly influenced by the writings of Alexander von Humboldt (Humboldt, Alexander von), the German naturalist and in 1853, while he was in Ecuador, stayed in a house where Humboldt had lived. Church portrayed the beauties of the Andes Mountains and tropical forests with great skill. Through his use of light and colour and his depiction of natural phenomena such as rainbows, mist, and sunsets, he created renderings that were realistic and emotionally affecting. His combined interests in exotic locales and natural science caused Church, on occasion, to approach a subject systematically. For example, he painted the Ecuadoran volcano Cotopaxi over the course of several years, in several states of eruption.

      In 1849 Church was made a member of the National Academy of Design. Among his major works are Andes of Ecuador (1855), Niagara (1857), and Cotopaxi (1862). In his lifetime, Church received great praise for his work and sold his paintings for high prices. He traveled widely in Europe and the Middle East, but after 1877 he was compelled to abandon painting because of crippling rheumatism in his hands. He died at Olana, his house on the Hudson River, which is now a museum. Enthusiasm for Church's works was rekindled in the late 20th century, when art historians began to consider him one of the foremost American landscape painters. Church's long-lost masterpiece, Icebergs (1861), was rediscovered in 1979.

Additional Reading
Franklin Kelly, Frederic Edwin Church (1989), and Frederick Edwin Church and the National Landscape (1988).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Church, Frederic Edwin — (4 may. 1826, Hartford, Conn., EE.UU.–7 abr. 1900, cerca de Nueva York, N.Y.). Paisajista estadounidense. Estudió con Thomas Cole en Catskill, N.Y. Pronto se convirtió en uno de los miembros más prominentes de la escuela del Río Hudson. Viajó… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Frederic Edwin Church — (* 4. Mai 1826 in Hartford, Connecticut; † 7. April 1900) war ein bedeutender Vertreter der Hudson River School, einer Gruppierung amerikanischer Künstler, die für präzis gemalte, oft dramatische und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederic Edwin Church — Frederic Edwin Church, né à Hartford (Connecticut) le 4 mai 1826 et mort le 7 avril 1900, est un peintre paysagiste américain. Il fut une figure centrale de l « École du fleuve Hudson » qui …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frederic Edwin Church — Frederic Edwin Church. Frederic Edwin Church (Hartford, 4 de mayo de 1826 – Nueva York, 7 de abril de 1900) fue un pintor paisajista estadounidense. Fue una figura central de la Escuela del río Hudson de pintores paisajistas estadounidense. Fue… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Frederic Edwin Church — For the silent film actor, see Fred Church. Frederic Edwin Church Frederic Edwin Church Born May 4, 1826(1826 05 04) …   Wikipedia

  • CHURCH (F. E.) — CHURCH FREDERIC EDWIN (1826 1900) Peintre américain dont l’œuvre constitue l’expression la plus originale et la plus complète du romantisme dans la peinture américaine. Church a le paysage pour domaine. Élève de Thomas Cole entre 1844 et 1846, il …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Edwin — /ed win/, n. 1. Also, Eadwine. A.D. 585? 633, king of Northumbria 617 633. 2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning rich, happy and friend. * * * (as used in expressions) Julian Edwin Adderley Aldrin Edwin Eugene Jr. Armstrong Edwin… …   Universalium

  • Edwin — (as used in expressions) Julian Edwin Adderley Aldrin, Edwin Eugene, Jr. Armstrong, Edwin H(oward) Bessey, Charles E(dwin) Birkenhead, Frederick Edwin Smith, 1 conde de Booth, Edwin (Thomas) Church, Frederic Edwin Cohn, Edwin Joseph Hubble, Edwin …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • church — /cherrch/, n. 1. a building for public Christian worship. 2. public worship of God or a religious service in such a building: to attend church regularly. 3. (sometimes cap.) the whole body of Christian believers; Christendom. 4. (sometimes cap.)… …   Universalium

  • Frederic — (as used in expressions) Bartlett Sir Frederic Charles Church Frederic Edwin Maitland Frederic William March Frederic Nash Frederic Ogden Remington Frederic Simon Paul Frederic Skinner Burrhus Frederic Chelmsford of Chelmsford Frederic John… …   Universalium

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