/ed"win/, n.
1. Also, Eadwine. A.D. 585?-633, king of Northumbria 617-633.
2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "rich, happy" and "friend."

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(as used in expressions)
Julian Edwin Adderley
Aldrin Edwin Eugene Jr.
Armstrong Edwin Howard
Bessey Charles Edwin
Birkenhead Frederick Edwin Smith 1st earl of
Booth Edwin Thomas
Church Frederic Edwin
Cohn Edwin Joseph
Forrest Edwin
Hubble Edwin Powell
John Augustus Edwin
King Stephen Edwin
Krebs Edwin Gerhard
Land Edwin Herbert
Landseer Sir Edwin Henry
Lutyens Sir Edwin Landseer
Moses Edwin
Peary Robert Edwin
Pratt Edwin John
Ripken Calvin Edwin Jr.
Robinson Edwin Arlington
Edwin Myers Shawn
Stanton Edwin McMasters

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▪ king of Northumbria
died Oct. 12, 632, Hatfield Chase, Eng.

      Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria from 616 to 633. He was the most powerful English ruler of his day and the first Christian king of Northumbria.

      The son of King Aelle of Deira, one of the two Northumbrian kingdoms, Edwin fled into exile when Aethelric, king of Bernicia, seized power in Deira in 588 or 590. In 616 King Raedwald of East Anglia defeated and killed Aethelric's son Aethelfrith and installed Edwin on the Northumbrian throne. Edwin conquered part of Wales and was recognized as overlord by all the other English rulers except the king of Kent.

      Edwin's conversion to Christianity resulted from his marriage to the Christian princess Aethelburh of Kent. She brought to Northumbria the Roman missionary Paulinus, who converted Edwin and many of his subjects in 627. In 632 King Cadwallon of Gwynedd and King Penda of Mercia invaded Northumbria and killed Edwin in battle. Paulinus and Aethelburh fled, and the Northumbrian church was temporarily suppressed. The following year, Northumbria was united and ruled by St. Oswald, son of Aethelfrith.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Edwin — masc. proper name, from O.E. Ead wine, lit. prosperity friend …   Etymology dictionary

  • Edwin — [ed′win] n. [OE Eadwine < ead (see EDGAR1) + wine, friend < Gmc * weniz < IE base * wen , to strive, desire, love (> WIN(SOME), WISH, L Venus): lit., rich friend] a masculine name: dim. Ed, Eddie; fem. Edwina …   English World dictionary

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  • Edwin — (c. 585 633)    Formidable Northumbrian king from 616 to 633; the first ruler of that kingdom to convert to Christianity. A successful warrior, who may have also possessed a substantial fleet, Edwin extended his authority over Britons and Saxons …   Encyclopedia of Barbarian Europe

  • Edwin — Infobox Given Name Revised name = Edwin imagesize= caption= pronunciation= gender = meaning = region = origin = related names = footnotes = Edwin may refer to: * Edwin of Northumbria, King of Northumbria and Christian saint * Sir Edwin… …   Wikipedia

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