/ed"win/, n.1. Also, Eadwine. A.D. 585?-633, king of Northumbria 617-633.2. a male given name: from Old English words meaning "rich, happy" and "friend."
* * *(as used in expressions)Julian Edwin AdderleyAldrin Edwin Eugene Jr.Armstrong Edwin HowardBessey Charles EdwinBirkenhead Frederick Edwin Smith 1st earl ofBooth Edwin ThomasChurch Frederic EdwinCohn Edwin JosephForrest EdwinHubble Edwin PowellJohn Augustus EdwinKing Stephen EdwinKrebs Edwin GerhardLand Edwin HerbertLandseer Sir Edwin HenryLutyens Sir Edwin LandseerMoses EdwinPeary Robert EdwinPratt Edwin JohnRipken Calvin Edwin Jr.Robinson Edwin ArlingtonEdwin Myers ShawnStanton Edwin McMasters
* * *▪ king of Northumbriadied Oct. 12, 632, Hatfield Chase, Eng.Anglo-Saxon king of Northumbria from 616 to 633. He was the most powerful English ruler of his day and the first Christian king of Northumbria.The son of King Aelle of Deira, one of the two Northumbrian kingdoms, Edwin fled into exile when Aethelric, king of Bernicia, seized power in Deira in 588 or 590. In 616 King Raedwald of East Anglia defeated and killed Aethelric's son Aethelfrith and installed Edwin on the Northumbrian throne. Edwin conquered part of Wales and was recognized as overlord by all the other English rulers except the king of Kent.Edwin's conversion to Christianity resulted from his marriage to the Christian princess Aethelburh of Kent. She brought to Northumbria the Roman missionary Paulinus, who converted Edwin and many of his subjects in 627. In 632 King Cadwallon of Gwynedd and King Penda of Mercia invaded Northumbria and killed Edwin in battle. Paulinus and Aethelburh fled, and the Northumbrian church was temporarily suppressed. The following year, Northumbria was united and ruled by St. Oswald, son of Aethelfrith.
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