Castro (Ruz), Fidel

Castro (Ruz), Fidel
born Aug. 13, 1926/27, near Birán, Cuba

Political leader of Cuba (from 1959).

Son of a prosperous sugar planter, he became a lawyer and worked on behalf of the poor in Havana. He was a candidate for Cuba's legislature when Gen. Fulgencio Batista overthrew the government in 1952. He organized a rebellion against Batista in 1953, but it failed; captured, he served time in prison and then went to Mexico, where he and others, including Che Guevara, continued to plot Batista's overthrow. Castro led an armed expedition back to Cuba in 1956; most of his men were killed, but a dozen survivors took refuge in the mountains, where they gradually managed to organize guerrillas throughout the island. In 1959 Batista was forced to flee the country. Castro nationalized private commerce and industry and expropriated U.S.-owned land and businesses, vastly expanded health services and eliminated illiteracy, and ruthlessly suppressed opposition, outlawing all political groups but the Communist Party. The U.S. attempted to bring about his overthrow and failed (see Bay of Pigs invasion), precipitating the Cuban missile crisis. Castro exercised total control of the government and economy, which was increasingly dependent on subsidies from the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union's collapse (1991) devastated Cuba's economy, and Castro has attempted to replace its former revenues by encouraging tourism.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Castro Ruz, Fidel — (1927– )    Recognized around the world the bearded, cigar smoking Castro in his trademark military fatigues led the guerrilla struggle that overthrew the Cuban government of the dictator Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar in 1958, and has been leader… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Castro Ruz, Fidel — ► (n. 1926) Político cubano. Asaltó la cárcel política de Santiago de Cuba (1953) contra la dictadura de Batista. Fundó el movimiento 26 de julio, se hizo fuerte en Sierra Maestra y, con el apoyo del campesinado y de la juventud, inició la lucha… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Castro (Ruz), Fidel — (n. 13 ago. 1926/27, cerca de Birán, Cuba). Líder político de Cuba (desde 1959). Hijo de un próspero plantador de azúcar, se hizo abogado y trabajó representando a los pobres de La Habana. Fue candidato a la legislatura cubana cuando el general… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz — Máximo Líder Fidel Castro (2003) Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz [fiˈðɛl ˈkastɾɔ ˈrus] (* offiziell 13. August 1926[1] in Birán bei Mayarí in der damaligen kubanischen Provinz Oriente) führte von 1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fidel Castro Ruz — Máximo Líder Fidel Castro (2003) Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz [fiˈðɛl ˈkastɾɔ ˈrus] (* offiziell 13. August 1926[1] in Birán bei Mayarí in der damaligen kubanischen Provinz Oriente) führte von 1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz — Fidel Castro Pour les articles homonymes, voir Castro. Fidel Castro …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Castro Ruz — (izg. kàstro rùs), Fidel (1927) DEFINICIJA kubanski diktator (od 1959), sklon komunističkim idejama u unutrašnjoj i vanjskoj politici …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Castro Ruz — Cạstro Ruz   [ rus], Fidel, kubanischer Revolutionsführer und Politiker, * Mayarí (Provinz Oriente) 13. 8. 1926; in der revolutionären Studentenbewegung aktiv, wurde nach Beendigung seines Studiums Rechtsanwalt. Bekämpfte die Diktatur von F.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Fidel Castro Ruz — noun Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927) • Syn: ↑Castro, ↑Fidel Castro • Instance Hypernyms: ↑socialist …   Useful english dictionary

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