Carissimi, Giacomo

Carissimi, Giacomo
(baptized April 18, 1605, Marino, near Rome
died Jan. 12, 1674, Rome) Italian composer.

He worked as maestro di cappella at the Collegio Germanico in Rome, a musically important post at a notable Jesuit institution, from 1629 until his death. His approximately 15 oratorios (performed in place of operas during Lent), including Baltazar, Ezechia, Jephte, Jonas, and Judicium extremum made him the principal oratorio composer of the mid-17th century. He also wrote some 150 cantatas and nearly 100 motets.

* * *

▪ Italian composer
baptized April 18, 1605, Marino, near Rome [Italy]
died Jan. 12, 1674, Rome

      one of the greatest Italian composers of the 17th century, chiefly notable for his oratorios (oratorio) and secular cantatas (cantata).

      Following brief appointments at Tivoli and Assisi, Carissimi settled in Rome in the late 1620s as director of music at the German College and its associated Church of Sant'Apollinare and retained this post until he died. Although not an operatic composer, Carissimi helped to satisfy the Italians' enthusiasm for opera by making its pastoral or dramatic content available in the home and in the church through his numerous oratorios and cantatas. His 16 oratorios on Old Testament subjects were “substitute operas” that could be performed during Lent, when operas were forbidden. Those episodes in which the narrative is interrupted and the characters express emotions, as in opera, show Carissimi's basic interest and talents. In his cantatas he consolidated the pioneer work of Luigi Rossi, but in oratorio he was himself a pioneer.

      Carissimi's works are marked by emotional balance and an ideal fusion of the lyrical and the dramatic, and when working on a large scale his pronounced feeling for tonality prevents any tendency to diffuseness. His genius is well displayed in his oratorio Jephtha, lasting about 20 minutes, where both solo narrator and chorus act as commentators and the latter also take the roles of opposing groups in the story. George Frideric Handel expanded this basic scheme in his oratorios. Carissimi greatly influenced later music not only through his compositions but also through his numerous pupils. A renewed interest in the music of Carissimi has resulted in performances of some of his oratorios, including The Judgment of Solomon, Baltazar, and Judicium Extremum.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carissimi, Giacomo — • Detailing his work in and composition for the Roman Catholic Church Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Carissimi, Giacomo — ► (1605 74) Compositor italiano. Su obra influyó en el desarrollo de la cantata y del oratorio. * * * (bautizado el 18 abr. 1605, Marino, cerca de Roma–12 ene. 1674, Roma). Compositor italiano. Desde 1629 hasta su muerte fue maestro de capilla en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Carissimi, Giacomo — (18 April 1605, Marino near Rome – 12 January 1674, Rome)    Composer credited with significant development of the operatic style in Italian sacred music, particularly in the genre of Latin oratorio, of which he composed 14, Jephte being the most …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Carissimi — Carissimi, Giacomo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giacomo Carissimi — Naissance 18 avril 1605 Marino …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carissimi — Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Carissimi Giacomo Carissimi (baptisé le 18 avril 1605 et mort à Rome le 12 janvier 1674[1 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giacomo Carissimi — (getauft 18. April 1605 in Marino bei Rom; † 12. Januar 1674 in Rom)[1] war ein italienischer Komponist. Carissimi wurde 1624 Kapellmeister in Assisi und 1628 an der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giacomo Carissimi —     Giacomo Carissimi     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Giacomo Carissimi     The most influential and prolific Italian composer of his time, b. in 1604 at Marino in the Papal States; d. 12 Jan., 1674, in Rome. After completing his musical education… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CARISSIMI (G.) — CARISSIMI GIACOMO (1605 1674) Figure marquante de la musique du XVIIe siècle, Giacomo Carissimi a exercé son influence non seulement en Italie, mais dans l’Europe entière. Parmi ses élèves, on compte Bassani, Cesti, Bononcini, Scarlatti… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Carissimi — Carissimi, Giacomo, berühmter ital. Komponist, geb. gegen 1604 in Marino bei Rom, gest. 12. Jan. 1674 in Rom, wurde 1620 Kapellmeister in Assisi und übernahm 1628 die gleiche Stellung an der Apollinariskirche in Rom. C. war hochangesehen als… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”