Cano, Alonso

Cano, Alonso
born March 19, 1601, Granada, Spain
died Sept. 3, 1667, Granada

Spanish painter, sculptor, and architect.

He studied in Sevilla with Francisco Pacheco and was active as court painter in Madrid (1638–44). Despite a violent temperament, Cano produced serene and elegant religious paintings and sculpture. He worked for much of his career in Granada, where he designed the facade of the Granada Cathedral (1667), one of the masterpieces of Spanish Baroque architecture. He is often called the Spanish Michelangelo for the diversity of his talents.

* * *

▪ Spanish artist
born March 19, 1601, Granada, Spain
died September 3, 1667, Granada

      painter, sculptor, and architect, often called the Spanish Michelangelo for his diversity of talents. Although he led a remarkably tempestuous life, he produced religious works of elegance and ease.

      Moving to Sevilla in 1614, Cano studied sculpture under Juan Martínez Montañés (Montañés, Juan Martínez) and painting under Francisco Pacheco (Pacheco, Francisco). Forced to leave the city in 1638 because of a duel with the painter Sebastián de Llano y Valdés, he fled to Madrid and obtained the favour of the court. His activities as court painter ended in 1644, when, suspected of the murder of his wife, he had to escape to Valencia. Cano then returned to King Philip IV and successfully solicited a position as canon in the cathedral in Granada in 1652, but he was expelled for misbehaviour in 1656. Returning to Madrid, he took holy orders and was appointed chief architect of the Granada cathedral, a position he held until his death.

      Cano painted extensively in Sevilla, Madrid, and Granada. The Sevilla paintings, among them Stations of the Cross and St. Francis Borgia, influenced by Francisco de Zurbarán (Zurbarán, Francisco de), are monumental and bold, with strong tenebrism (emphasis on darkness). The Madrid paintings, including St. Isidore's Miracle of the Well (1645–46), are more impressionistic, foreshadowing the work of Velázquez. Finally, the last paintings, from his stay in Granada, especially the Mysteries of the Virgin in the Cathedral, are harmonious, with a classic balance and symmetry.

 No sculpture from Cano's Sevilla period has survived, but many of his polychromed wood statues, such as the Virgin of the Immaculate Conception (1655–56), exist from his time in Granada. His finest work of sculpture, St. James of Alcalá (1653–57), is characteristic in its simplicity of design and its expressive eloquence.

      Cano is most famous for his paintings and sculpture, but his facade for the cathedral at Granada is considered one of the most original works of Spanish architecture, bearing Cano's unique personal stamp and executed with remarkable expressive unity.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cano, Alonso — • Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor (1601 1667) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cano, Alonso — ► (1601 67) Pintor, escultor y arquitecto español. Entre sus pinturas destaca San Francisco de Borja. Como escultor sobresale por la Inmaculada. * * * (19 mar. 1601, Granada, España–3 sep. 1667, Granada). Pintor, escultor y arquitecto español.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alonso Cano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ALONSO CANO (Retratos de Españoles Ilustres, 1791) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Alonso Cano —     Alonso Cano     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Alonso Cano     (Or ALEXIS)     A Spanish painter, architect, and sculptor, b. at Granada, 19 March, 1601; d. there 3 or 5 October, 1667. He received his first lessons in art from his father, Miguel… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alonso Cano — (* 19. März 1601 in Granada; † 3. Oktober 1667 ebenda) war ein spanischer Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt. Cano war in der Baukunst seines Vaters, in der Bildhauerkunst Juan Martínez Montañés und in der Malerei Francisco Pachecos Schüler und hatte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CANO (A.) — CANO ALONSO (1601 1667) Ayant étudié l’architecture avec son père, la sculpture avec Juan Martínez Montañés, le maître de la statuaire polychrome, et la peinture avec Francisco Pacheco chez qui il rencontra Velázquez, c’est une formation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alonso — alonso. □ V. trigo alonso. * * * Alonso, Amado Alonso, Dámaso Alonso, Fernando Alonso, Odón * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso, Alicia …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • alonso — alonso. □ V. trigo alonso. * * * ► masculino Especie de trigo que tiene la espiga gruesa. * * * (as used in expressions) Alonso, Alicia Berruguete, Alonso Cano, Alonso Alonso Chaney …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cano — Cano, Alonso, span. Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt, geb. 19. März 1601 in Granada, gest. daselbst 3. Okt. 1667, war in der Baukunst seines Vaters, in der Bildhauerkunst Juan Martinez Montañez und in der Malerei Francisco Pachecos und Juan de… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cano — Cano, Alonso, span. Maler, Bildhauer und Architekt, geb. 1601 zu Granada, 1638 Hofmaler des Königs, st. 1664 als Priester. Er war Bildhauer im erhabenen Style und heißt deßwegen der span. Michel Angelo, seine Gemälde werden wegen Composition und… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”