Brooks, Romaine Goddard

Brooks, Romaine Goddard
orig. Beatrice Romaine Goddard

born May 1, 1874, Rome, Italy
died Dec. 7, 1970, Nice, Fr.

U.S. painter.

Born to wealthy American parents, she studied painting in Italy. After a brief marriage, in 1905 she moved to Paris where she established herself in literary, artistic, and homosexual circles. Her reputation reached its height in 1925 with several important exhibitions. Her gray-shaded portraits, touched by occasional colour, distilled their subjects' personalities to a disturbing degree. The Amazon (с 1920), Brooks's portrait of her longtime lover Natalie Clifford Barney (1876–1972), is among her finest works.

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▪ American painter
original name  Beatrice Romaine Goddard 
born May 1, 1874, Rome, Italy
died December 7, 1970, Nice, France

      American painter who, in her gray-shaded portraits, penetrated and distilled her subjects' personalities to an often disturbing degree.

      Born to wealthy American parents, Beatrice Romaine Goddard had a very unhappy childhood. Her mother doted on a paranoid and mentally unstable son and treated Romaine viciously, with behaviour ranging from neglect to accusations of demonic possession. She finally gained independence at age 21. From 1896 to 1899 she studied painting in Italy and then set up a studio on the island of Capri. With the death of her brother and, soon after, her mother, Goddard became independently wealthy. In 1902 she entered into a short-lived marriage of convenience with John Ellingham Brooks.

      In 1905 Romaine Brooks moved to Paris, where she established herself in literary, artistic, and homosexual circles. In 1915 she met Natalie Clifford Barney, who was to be her lover for a great many years. Brooks's portrait of Barney, The Amazon (c. 1920), is among her finest works and, like most of her portraits, is characterized by dark, muted colours and an image or symbol strongly associated with the particular subject: in this case, Barney, who was an expert horsewoman, is accompanied by a miniature horse. Brooks's other paintings, most of which are also portraits, are predominantly studies in gray with the occasional addition of a stroke of bright colour, reflecting the influence of the palette of James McNeill Whistler (Whistler, James McNeill). Her portraits were often so painfully honest that her sitters preferred not to have them exhibited.

      Brooks's career reached its height in 1925 with exhibitions in London, Paris, and New York City. From the 1930s onward, her work was largely forgotten. However, in 1971, a year after her death, the National Collection of Fine Arts (now the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of American Art) staged an exhibition of her work. The exhibition rekindled interest in Brooks and led to several other exhibitions during the 1980s.

Additional Reading
Meryle Secrest, Between Me and Life (1974); Adelyn D. Breeskin, Romaine Brooks: Thief of Souls (1971); Whitney Chadwick, Amazons in the Drawing Room: The Art of Romaine Brooks (2000).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Brooks, Romaine Goddard — orig. Beatrice Romaine Goddard (1 may. 1874, Roma, Italia–7 dic. 1970, Niza, Francia). Pintora estadounidense. Nacido en el seno de una familia acomodada, estudió pintura en Italia. Después de un breve matrimonio, en 1905 se mudó a París, donde… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Brooks — /brooks/, n. 1. Gwendolyn, born 1917, U.S. poet and novelist. 2. Phillips, 1835 93, U.S. Protestant Episcopal bishop and pulpit orator. 3. Van Wyck /van wuyk /, 1886 1963, U.S. author and critic. 4. a male given name. * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

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  • Romaine Brooks — (geborene Beatrice Romaine Goddard; * 1. Mai 1874 in Rom, Italien; † 7. Dezember 1970 in Nizza, Frankreich) war eine amerikanische Malerin und Bildhauerin. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Stil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Romaine Brooks — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Romaine Brooks imagesize = caption = Self Portrait (1923) birthname = Beatrice Romaine Goddard birthdate = birth date |1874|5|1| location = Rome, Italy deathdate = death date and age |1970|12|7|1874|5|1|… …   Wikipedia

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