Braddock, Edward

Braddock, Edward
born 1695, Perthshire, Scot.
died July 13, 1755, Great Meadows, Pa.

British army commander in the French and Indian War.

After service in Europe, he arrived in Virginia in 1755 to command British forces in North America against the French. He undertook an expedition to attack the French-held Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, Pa.); his force, which included British regulars and provincial militiamen such as George Washington, cut the first road across the Allegheny Mountains and reached a point on the Monongahela River near the fort. There his army of over 1,400 men was ambushed and defeated by a group of 254 French and 600 Indians, and he was mortally wounded in the ensuing rout.

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▪ British commander
born 1695, Perthshire, Scot.
died July 13, 1755, Great Meadows, Pa. [U.S.]

      unsuccessful British commander in North America in the early stages of the French and Indian War.

      Braddock, the son of Major General Edward Braddock (d. 1725), joined the Coldstream Guards in 1710 and served in the Netherlands during the siege of Bergen op Zoom in 1747. He was appointed major general in 1754 and arrived in Virginia the following February to command all British forces in North America against the French. Although hampered by administrative confusion and lack of resources, he undertook, after several months of preparation, to attack the French-held Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh, Pa.) in an extremely arduous wilderness expedition. His force cut a road westward from Cumberland, Md., the first road across the Allegheny Mountains. George Washington (Washington, George), then lieutenant colonel of the Virginia militia, was among the 700 provincials and 1,400 British regulars under his command. Braddock's force safely crossed the Monongahela River and reached a point only 8 miles (13 km) from Fort Duquesne. The forward column of 1,459 officers and men, being short of Indian scouts, was ambushed in a ravine by 254 French and 600 Indians on July 9. Wounded during the ensuing slaughter and riot, Braddock was carried off the field and died four days later at a rallying point known as Great Meadows, Pa., where he was buried. (The grave site is now lost.)

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Braddock,Edward — Brad·dock (brădʹək), Edward. 1695 1755. British general in America during the French and Indian War. He was mortally wounded during his unsuccessful expedition against Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh). * * * …   Universalium

  • Braddock, Edward — (1695, Perthshire, Escocia–13 jul. 1755, Great Meadows, Pa., EE.UU.). Militar británico durante la guerra francesa e india. Luego de servir en Europa, llegó a Virginia en 1755 para ponerse al mando de las fuerzas británicas en América del Norte… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BRADDOCK, EDWARD —    British general, born in Perthshire; entered the Coldstream Guards, and became major general in 1754; commanded a body of troops against the French in America, fell in an attempt to invest Fort Duquesue, and lost nearly all his men (1695 1755) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Braddock, Edward — (1695 1755)    Born in Scotland. Entered the army, 1710, and in 1743 major of the Coldstreams. Served in the expedition to L Orient, 1746; and under the Prince of Orange in Holland, 1746 1748. Colonel of the 14th Foot at Gibraltar, 1753. In 1755… …   The makers of Canada

  • Edward Braddock — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda General Edward Braddock Edward Braddock (alrededor de 1695 13 de julio de 1755), fue un soldado británico y comandante en jefe en América del Norte durante el principio de la Guerra Franco india. Biografía Nació en …   Wikipedia Español

  • Braddock-Expedition — Schlacht am Monongahela Teil von: Franzosen und Indianerkrieg (Siebenjähriger Krieg) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Edward — /ed weuhrd/, n. 1. Prince of Wales and Duke of Cornwall ( The Black Prince ), 1330 76, English military leader (son of Edward III). 2. Lake, a lake in central Africa, between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo: a source of the Nile.… …   Universalium

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  • Braddock — bezeichnet: Orte im Vereinigten Königreich: Braddock (Cornwall) in den Vereinigten Staaten: Braddock (Maryland) Braddock (New Jersey) Braddock (North Dakota) Braddock (Pennsylvania) Braddock (Virginia) Braddock Hills (Pennsylvania) Personen:… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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