Bouvines, Battle of

Bouvines, Battle of
(July 27, 1214) Decisive victory won by the French king Philip II over an international coalition that included Emperor Otto IV, King John of England, and several powerful French vassals.

Fought in the marshy plain between Bouvines and Tournai in Flanders, the battle was furiously contested but ended in a clear French victory. It confirmed Philip's possession of French lands formerly held by the English and added to the power and prestige of the French monarchy. John's defeat increased the opposition of his barons.

* * *

France [1214]
      (July 27, 1214), battle that gave a decisive victory to the French king Philip II Augustus over an international coalition of the Holy Roman emperor Otto IV, King John of England, and the French vassals—Ferdinand (Ferrand) of Portugal, count of Flanders, and Renaud (Raynald) of Dammartin, count of Boulogne. The victory enhanced the power and the prestige of the French monarchy in France and in the rest of Europe.

      The leaders of the coalition had planned for King John to land with his forces in western France, to stir up revolts in Aquitaine and Anjou, and then to march on Paris, while the imperial forces and those of the counts of Flanders and Boulogne advanced on Paris from the north. The plan failed when John was defeated at La Roche-aux-Moines, near Angers, on July 2, 1214; Philip was then able to take the offensive in the north. A decisive battle was fought in the marshy plain between Bouvines (Bouvignies) and Tournai in Flanders. The furious contest ended in a clear French victory: Renaud and Ferdinand were taken prisoner, though Otto managed to escape.

      As a result of the two battles, Philip Augustus was confirmed in possession of most of the former English lands in France. King John, by losing them, faced the growing opposition of his barons. In Germany, Otto IV's power weakened considerably.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Battle of Bouvines — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=War of Bouvines Battle of Bouvines caption=King Philip II of France at Bouvines, by Horace Vernet partof= the Welf Hohenstaufen and Capetian Angevin feuds date=July 27, 1214 place=Bouvines result=Decisive French …   Wikipedia

  • battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… …   Universalium

  • Battle of Gisors — The Battle of Gisors (September 27, 1198) was a skirmish fought in Courcelles lès Gisors, Oise, Picardie, part of the on going fighting between Richard I of England and Philip Augustus of France that lasted from 1194 to Richard s death in April… …   Wikipedia

  • Bouvines — French commune|nomcommune=Bouvines région=Nord Pas de Calais département=Nord| arrondissement=Lille canton=Cysoing insee=59106 |cp=59830 |maire=Jean Noël |mandat=2001 2008 intercomm=Lille Métropole longitude=3.183 |latitude=50.583 alt moy=31 m… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Tourcoing (1794) — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Tourcoing partof=the French Revolutionary Wars caption= date=May 18, 1794 place=Tourcoing, northeastern France result=French victory combatant1=flagicon|France France combatant2=flagicon|UK|1606 Great… …   Wikipedia

  • battle — Synonyms and related words: Actium, Adrianople, Aegates Isles, Aegospotami, Agincourt, Antietam, Anzio, Arbela Gaugamela, Ardennes, Austerlitz, Ayacucho, Balaclava, Bannockburn, Bataan Corregidor, Bismarck Sea, Blenheim, Bosworth Field, Bouvines …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Bouvines — noun in 1214 the French under Philip Augustus defeated a coalition formed against him in one of the greatest battles of the middle ages • Regions: ↑Belgium, ↑Kingdom of Belgium, ↑Belgique • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bataille De Bouvines — Horace Vernet : La bataille de Bouvines Informations générales Date 27 juillet 1214 Lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bataille de bouvines — Horace Vernet : La bataille de Bouvines Informations générales Date 27 juillet 1214 Lieu …   Wikipédia en Français

  • pitched battle — noun a fierce battle fought in close combat between troops in predetermined positions at a chosen time and place • Hypernyms: ↑battle, ↑conflict, ↑fight, ↑engagement • Instance Hyponyms: ↑Agincourt, ↑Austerlitz, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”