Black Aesthetic movement

Black Aesthetic movement
or Black Arts movement

Period of artistic and literary development among black Americans in the 1960s and early '70s.

Based on the cultural politics of black nationalism, the movement sought to create art forms capable of expressing the varieties of black experience in the U.S. Leading theorists included Amiri Baraka, Houston Baker (b. 1943), and Henry Louis Gates. Don L. Lee (b. 1942), known as Haki R. Madhubuti after 1973, was one of its most popular writers; other notable writers included Toni Morrison, Alice Walker, and Ntozake Shange (b. 1948). The movement also produced such autobiographical works as The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965; with Alex Haley), Eldridge Cleaver's Soul on Ice (1968), and Angela Davis: An Autobiography (1974).

* * *

also called  black arts movement 

      period of artistic and literary development among black Americans in the 1960s and early '70s.

      Based on the cultural politics of black nationalism, the movement sought to create a populist art form to promote the idea of black separatism. Many adherents viewed the artist as an activist responsible for the formation of racially separate publishing houses, theatre troupes, and study groups. The literature of the movement, generally written in black English vernacular and confrontational in tone, addressed such issues as interracial tension, sociopolitical awareness, and the relevance of African history and culture to blacks in the United States.

      Leading theorists of the black aesthetic movement included Houston A. Baker, Jr. (Baker, Houston A., Jr.); Henry Louis Gates, Jr. (Gates, Henry Louis, Jr.); Addison Gayle, Jr., editor of the anthology The Black Aesthetic (1971); Hoyt W. Fuller, editor of the journal Negro Digest (which became Black World in 1970); and LeRoi Jones and Larry Neal, editors of Black Fire: An Anthology of Afro-American Writing (1968). Jones, later known as Amiri Baraka (Baraka, Amiri), wrote the critically acclaimed play Dutchman (1964) and founded the Black Arts Repertory Theatre in Harlem (1965). Haki R. Madhubuti (Madhubuti, Haki R.), known as Don L. Lee until 1973, became one of the movement's most popular writers with the publication of Think Black (1967) and Black Pride (1968).

      Characterized by an acute self-awareness, the movement produced such autobiographical works as The Autobiography of Malcolm X (1965) by Alex Haley (Haley, Alex), Soul On Ice (1968) by Eldridge Cleaver (Cleaver, Eldridge), and Angela Davis (Davis, Angela): An Autobiography (1974). Other notable writers were Toni Morrison (Morrison, Toni), Ishmael Reed (Reed, Ishmael), Ntozake Shange (Shange, Ntozake), Sonia Sanchez (Sanchez, Sonia), Alice Walker (Walker, Alice), and June Jordan (Jordan, June).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • movement — /moohv meuhnt/, n. 1. the act, process, or result of moving. 2. a particular manner or style of moving. 3. Usually, movements. actions or activities, as of a person or a body of persons. 4. Mil., Naval. a change of position or location of troops… …   Universalium

  • black — blackish, adj. blackishly, adv. blackishness, n. /blak/, adj., blacker, blackest, n., v., adv. adj. 1. lacking hue and brightness; absorbing light without reflecting any of the rays composing it. 2. characterized by absence of light; enveloped in …   Universalium

  • Black — /blak/, n. 1. Hugo Lafayette, 1886 1971, U.S. political official: associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1937 71. 2. Joseph, 1728 99, Scottish physician and chemist. 3. Shirley Temple. See Temple, Shirley. * * * (as used in expressions)… …   Universalium

  • Black is beautiful — is a cultural movement which began in the United States of America, beginning in the 1960s. It later spread to much of the Black world, most prominently in the writings of the Black Consciousness Movement of Steve Biko in South Africa. It aims to …   Wikipedia

  • black theatre — In the U.S., a dramatic movement encompassing plays written by, for, and about blacks. The first known play by an American black was James Brown s King Shotaway (1823). After the Civil War, blacks began to perform in minstrel shows, and musicals… …   Universalium

  • Black Flag (band) — Refimprove|article|date=January 2007Infobox Musical artist Name = Black Flag Img capt = Black Flag performing in 1984. Left to right: Greg Ginn, Henry Rollins, and Kira Roessler. Drummer Bill Stevenson is not visible behind Rollins. Background =… …   Wikipedia

  • Cool (aesthetic) — Uncool redirects here. For the Bumblefoot album, see Uncool (album). Something regarded as cool is an admired aesthetic of attitude, behavior, comportment, appearance and style, influenced by and a product of the Zeitgeist. Because of the varied… …   Wikipedia

  • Liturgical Movement — The Liturgical Movement is a movement of scholarship and the reform of worship within the Roman Catholic Church that has taken place over the last century and a half and has affected many Protestant and Reformed Churches including the Church of… …   Wikipedia

  • African American literature — ▪ literature Introduction       body of literature written by Americans of African descent. Beginning in the pre Revolutionary War period, African American writers have engaged in a creative, if often contentious, dialogue with American letters.… …   Universalium

  • Henry Dumas — Infobox Writer name = Henry Dumas imagesize = caption = pseudonym = birthname = Henry Dumas birthdate = Birth date|1934|07|20 birthplace = Sweet Home, Arkansas, USA deathdate = death date and age|1968|05|23|1934|07|20 deathplace = Harlem, New… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”