Biringuccio, Vannoccio

Biringuccio, Vannoccio
born Oct. 20, 1480, Siena
died August 1537, Rome

Italian metallurgist and armaments maker.

He is chiefly known for the first clear, comprehensive work on metallurgy, De la pirotechnia (published posthumously in 1540). His book, which contrasts strikingly with the obscure alchemical writings of the time, is replete with lavish woodcuts illustrating equipment and processes and includes clear, practical instructions for mining, smelting, and metalworking. It became a standard reference and remains a valuable resource on 15th-and 16th-century technology.

* * *

▪ Italian metallurgist
born Oct. 20, 1480, Siena [Italy]
died c. 1539

      Italian metallurgist and armament maker, chiefly known as the author of De la pirotechnia (1540; “Concerning Pyrotechnics”), the first clear, comprehensive work on metallurgy.

      As a youth Biringuccio enjoyed the patronage of Pandolfo Petrucci (1450–1511), the dictator of Siena. Sent to Germany by Petrucci to study technology, he returned in 1513 and took a series of posts in Siena, Parma, Ferrara, and Venice as an armourer and metallurgist. He returned to Siena in 1530 and eight years later became director of the papal arsenal under Pope Paul III.

      De la pirotechnia contrasts strikingly with the obscure alchemical writings of the time. The book is replete with lavish woodcuts illustrating the equipment and processes then in use and includes clear, practical instructions for mining, smelting, and metalworking. It became a standard reference and remains valuable as a source of information on the state of technology during the 15th and 16th centuries.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Biringuccio, Vannoccio — (20 oct. 1480, Siena–ago. 1537, Roma). Metalurgista y fabricante de armas italiano. Se le conoce principalmente por la primera obra clara y de vasto alcance sobre metalurgia, De la pirotechnia (publicada póstumamente en 1540). Su libro, que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Biringuccio — Vannoccio Biringuccio (* vor dem 20. Oktober 1480 in Siena; † August 1537 in Rom) war Ingenieur, Architekt, Büchsenmacher und angewandter Chemiker, mit seinem Werk De la Pirotechnia begründete er die Metallurgie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Anfänge 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vannoccio Biringuccio — Vannoccio Biringuccio, a veces escrito como Vannocio Biringuccio (1480 1539), fue un metalúrgico italiano. Es conocido sobre todo por su libro sobre los metales, De la Pirotechnia, publicado en 1540, que contiene la primera descripción del método …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vannoccio Biringuccio — Infobox Engineer image width = 150px caption = Vannoccio Biringuccio name = Vannoccio Biringuccio nationality =Italian birth date = Birth date|1480|10|20 birth place = Siena death date = Death date|1537|8| death place = education = spouse =… …   Wikipedia

  • Vannoccio Biringuccio — (* vor dem 20. Oktober 1480 in Siena; † August 1537 in Rom) war Ingenieur, Architekt, Büchsenmacher und angewandter Chemiker, mit seinem Werk De la Pirotechnia begründete er die Metallurgie. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Anfänge 2 Tätigkeiten in Siena 3 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vannoccio Biringuccio — Vannoccio Vincenzio Austino Luca Biringuccio dit Vannoccio Biringuccio était un maître artisan en fonte et métallurgie du début du XVIe siècle. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Œuvres 3 Voir aussi …   Wikipédia en Français

  • metallurgy — metallurgic, metallurgical, adj. metallurgically, adv. metallurgist /met l err jist/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh tal euhr jist/, n. /met l err jee/ or, esp. Brit., /meuh tal euhr jee/, n. 1. the technique or science of working or heating metals so as… …   Universalium

  • Liste der Biografien/Bin–Biz — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • De la pirotechnia — The pirotechnia of Vannoccio Biringuccio   Author(s) Vannoccio Biringuccio …   Wikipedia

  • Geschichte der Chemie — Die Geschichte der Chemie ist seit ältesten Zeiten eng mit handwerklichen Tätigkeiten verbunden. Zu Beginn der Neuzeit entwickelte sie sich aus der Verbindung der antiken chemischen Praxis mit der, über arabische Gelehrte nach Europa vermittelten …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”