Biko, Stephen

Biko, Stephen
born Dec. 18, 1946, King William's Town, S.Af.
died Sept. 12, 1977, Pretoria

South African political activist.

A former medical student, in 1968 he founded the Black Consciousness movement, designed to raise black awareness of apartheid oppression. He was officially "banned" by the South African government in 1973 and was arrested several times in 1976–77. His death from head injuries suffered in police custody made him an international martyr for South African black nationalism. The initial inquest absolved the police of wrongdoing, but in 1997 five former officers confessed to Biko's murder.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Biko, Stephen — (18 dic. 1946, King William s Town, Sudáfrica–12 sep. 1977, Pretoria). Activista político sudafricano. Ex estudiante de medicina, en 1968 fundó el movimiento Conciencia Negra, creado para concienciar a los negros acerca de la opresión del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Biko — Steve Biko Stephen Bantu Biko (18 décembre 1946 12 septembre 1977) était un militant noir d Afrique du Sud et une des grandes figures de la lutte anti apartheid. Sommaire 1 Etudiant et militant anti apartheid 2 Création de la SASO, syndicat d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Stephen — /stee veuhn/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. c35, first Christian martyr. 2. Saint, c975 1038, first king of Hungary 997 1038. 3. (Stephen of Blois) 1097? 1154, king of England 1135 54. 4. Sir Leslie, 1832 1904, English critic, biographer, and… …   Universalium

  • Stephen — (as used in expressions) Austin, Stephen (Fuller) Bechtel, Stephen D(avison) Benét, Stephen Vincent Biko, Stephen Breyer, Stephen (Gerald) Brook, Sir Peter (Stephen Paul) Case, Stephen Cleveland, (Stephen) Grover Crane, Stephen Decatur, Stephen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stephen Bantu Biko — Stephen Bantu Biko, meist abgekürzt zu Steve Biko (* 18. Dezember 1946 in King William’s Town, damals Südafrikanische Union; † 12. September 1977 in einer Gefängniszelle in Pretoria), war ein bekannter Bürgerrechtler in Südafrika. Er gilt als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephen Biko — Stephen Bantu Biko, meist abgekürzt zu Steve Biko (* 18. Dezember 1946 in King William’s Town, damals Südafrikanische Union; † 12. September 1977 in einer Gefängniszelle in Pretoria), war ein bekannter Bürgerrechtler in Südafrika. Er gilt als… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Biko — /ˈbikoʊ/ (say beekoh) noun Steve (Stephen Bantu Biko), 1947–77, South African political activist; co founded the South African Students Organisation in 1969; died in police detention …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Biko, Steve — ▪ South African political leader in full  Bantu Stephen Biko   born Dec. 18, 1946, King William s Town, S.Af. died Sept. 12, 1977, Pretoria       founder of the Black Consciousness Movement in South Africa. His death from injuries suffered while… …   Universalium

  • Stephen Biko — n. Stephen Bantu Biko (1946 1977), black South African anti Apartheid activist who was arrested many times and died in police custody after severe beatings, founder of the Black Consciousness Movement …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Biko — n. family name; Stephen Biko (1946 1977), black South African anti Apartheid activist who was arrested many times and died in police custody after severe beatings, founder of the Black Consciousness Movement …   English contemporary dictionary

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