- Bierstadt, Albert
born Jan. 7, 1830, near Düsseldorf, Westphaliadied Feb. 19, 1902, New York, N.Y., U.S.German-born U.S. painter of the Hudson River school.His parents immigrated to the U.S. when he was an infant. As a young man he traveled and sketched throughout Europe before returning to the U.S. to join a westward-bound expedition in 1859. Specializing in grandiose pictures of vast mountain scenery, he achieved great popularity in his lifetime with panoramic and often fanciful scenes of the American West, including The Rocky Mountains (1863) and Mount Corcoran (с 1875–77). His huge paintings were actually executed in his New York City studio.
* * *▪ American painterborn Jan. 7, 1830, near Düsseldorf, Westphalia [Germany]died Feb. 19, 1902, New York, N.Y., U.S.American artist who painted landscapes and whose tremendous popularity was based on his panoramic scenes of the American West. Among the last generation of painters associated with the Hudson River school, Bierstadt, like Frederick Church and Thomas Moran, covered vast distances in search of more exotic subject matter. His reputation was made by the huge canvases that resulted from his several trips to the Far West—e.g., “The Rocky Mountains” (1863; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City) and “Mount Corcoran” (c. 1875–77; Corcoran Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.). Executed in his studio in New York, the large works do not have the freshness and spontaneity of the small on-the-spot paintings from which they were produced. They are, however, immense in scale and grandiose in effect. Bierstadt freely altered details of landscape to create the effect of awe and grandeur. His colours were applied more according to a formula than from observation: luscious, green vegetation, ice-blue water, and pale, atmospheric blue-green mountains. The progression from foreground to background was often a dramatic one without the softness and subtlety of a middle distance.
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