born 570?, Ujjain, Malwa, India
died 651?, Ujjain

Indian Hindu philosopher, poet, and grammarian.

He was of noble birth; according to legend, he made seven attempts to renounce the world for monastic life before eventually becoming a yogi and moving into a cave near Ujjain. Vakyapadiya is his major work on the philosophy of language. Also ascribed to him are three collections of poetry, each containing 100 verses: Shrngara-shataka (on love), Niti-shataka (on ethics and polity), and Vairagya-shataka (on dispassion). His poem Bhatti kavya demonstrates the subtleties of Sanskrit.

* * *

▪ Hindu philosopher

born AD 570, ?, Ujjain, Mālwa, India
died 651?, Ujjain

      Hindu philosopher and poet-grammarian, author of the Vākyapadīya (“Words in a Sentence”), regarded as one of the most significant works on the philosophy of language, earning for him a place for all time in the śabdādvaita (word monistic) school of Indian thought.

      Of noble birth, Bhartṛhari was attached for a time to the court of the Maitraka king of Valabhī (modern Vala, Gujarāt), where most likely his taste for sensuous living and material possessions was formed. Following the example of Indian sages, he believed he must renounce the world for a higher life. Seven times he attempted monastic living, but his attraction to women caused him to fail each time. Though intellectually he presumably understood the transitory nature of worldly pleasures and felt a call to yoga and ascetic living, he was unable to control his desires. After a long self-struggle, Bhartṛhari became a yogi and lived a life of dispassion in a cave in the vicinity of Ujjain until his death.

      Bhartṛhari entitled three of his works śataka (“century”): The Śṛṅgāra (love) -śataka, Nīti (ethical and polity) -śataka, and Vairāgya (dispassion) -śataka. Although all three are attributed to him, only the first is regarded as his with certainty by most scholars. In another work sometimes attributed to Bhartṛhari, the Bhaṭṭi kāvya (“Poem of Bhaṭṭi”), he performs linguistic gymnastics to demonstrate the subtleties of Sanskrit.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BHARTRHARI — BHART ブHARI (VIe s.?) L’un des meilleurs poètes lyriques de l’Inde ancienne, d’expression sanskrite, Bhart リhari (Bhartrihari) est mal connu; on le situe avec quelque probabilité au VIe siècle. Le pèlerin chinois Yijing, qui visita l’Inde au VIIe …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bhartrhari — (izg. bhartr̀hari) (o.570 o.651) DEFINICIJA indijski filozof, pjesnik i filolog, autor filozofskog djela o jeziku Riječi u rečenici …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Bhartrhari — (fifth century)    Bhartrhari was a Hindu philosopher, linguist, and poet whose linguistic philosophy has in recent decades been of great interest to Western thinkers, who have compared him with Wittgenstein, Saussure, and Derrida. His three… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Bhartṛhari — IAST|Bhartṛhari is the name of a 6th or 7th century Sanskrit grammarian, and of a Sanskrit poet of roughly the same period. The GrammarianIAST|Bhartṛhari was an early figure in Indic linguistic theory, mentioned in the 670s by Chinese traveller… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhartrhari — (¿570?, Ujjain, Malwa, India–¿651?, Ujjain). Filósofo, poeta y gramático hindú. Nació en el seno de una familia noble; según la leyenda intentó siete veces renunciar al mundo y abrazar la vida monástica antes de llegar a ser un yogui y retirarse… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Indian philosophy — Any of the numerous philosophical systems developed on the Indian subcontinent, including both orthodox (astika) systems, namely, the Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Samkhya, Yoga, Mimamsa, and Vedanta schools of philosophy, and unorthodox (nastika) systems …   Universalium

  • “ВАКЬЯПАДИЯ” —     “ВАКЬЯПАДИЯ” (саискр. Väkyapadiya “О предложении и словес самое известное сочинение по философии языка в Индии, созданное Бхартрихари в 5 в. Состоит из 2000 стихов (карика), распределенных по трем частям (кандам): “Брахма каида” (“Глава о… …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Damodar Dharmananda Kosambi — D. D. Kosambi Born July 31, 1907 Kosben, Goa Died June 29, 1966 Pune, Maharashtra Occupation Mathematician and Marxist h …   Wikipedia

  • Shabda — IAST|Śábda is the Sanskrit for sound, speech In Sanskrit grammar, the term refers to an utterance in the sense of linguistic performance.In Indian linguisticsKatyayana stated that shabda speech is eternal ( nitya ), as is artha meaning , and… …   Wikipedia

  • Bhartrihari — est le nom d un poète indien d expression sanskrite (entre le Ier et le VIIe siècle) et d un grammairien du même nom (VIe VIIe siècles). Pendant longtemps, ces deux auteurs furent confondus. On tend aujourd hui à les dissocier. Sommaire 1… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”