Berenson, Bernard

Berenson, Bernard
born June 26, 1865, Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire
died Oct. 6, 1959, Settignano, Italy

Lithuanian-born U.S. art historian, critic, and connoisseur.

He grew up in Boston and attended Harvard University, but for most of his life he lived in Italy, where he built a reputation as an authority on Italian Renaissance painting. He was adviser to the art dealer Joseph Duveen (1869–1939) and to Isabella Stewart Gardner (1840–1924), founder of Boston's Gardner Museum. Berenson bequeathed his villa, I Tatti (near Florence), with its art collection and outstanding library, to Harvard to be administered as the Harvard Center for Italian Renaissance Studies. His books include The Drawings of the Florentine Painters (1903, 1938, 1961) and Italian Painters of the Renaissance (1952).

* * *

▪ American art critic
Bernard originally  spelled Bernhard  
born June 26, 1865, Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire
died Oct. 6, 1959, Settignano, Italy
 American art critic, especially of Italian Renaissance art.

      Reared in Boston, Berenson was educated at Harvard University, from which he was graduated in 1887. His first book, The Venetian Painters of the Renaissance (1894), displayed a concise writing style. He was also endowed with a discriminating eye, exceptional memory, perceptive intelligence, and humanistic learning. For a time he was an adviser to the international art dealer Lord Duveen, and his opinion was often sought in the purchase of paintings. Many masterpieces now in American museums were bought upon his recommendation.

      Although Berenson retained his U.S. citizenship, he lived in Italy most of his life. He was sequestered during World War II in Tuscany, and his diary Rumour and Reflection, 1941–1944, was published in 1952. He bequeathed to Harvard University his villa, I Tatti, with its art collection and magnificent library to be administered as a Center for Italian Renaissance Culture. Among his major works are Aesthetics and History in the Visual Arts (1948), The Drawings of the Florentine Painters (1938), and the monumental Italian Painters of the Renaissance (1952).

Additional Reading
Ernest Samuels, Bernard Berenson: The Making of a Connoisseur (1979), and Bernard Berenson, the Making of a Legend (1987); Meryle Secrest, Being Bernard Berenson (1979); Colin Simpson, Artful Partners: Bernard Berenson and Joseph Duveen (1986; also published as The Partnership: The Secret Association of Bernard Berenson and Joseph Duveen, 1987).

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BERENSON, BERNARD — (1865–1959), U.S. art historian and art connoisseur. Berenson was born Valvrojenski in the Lithuanian village of Baltramentz, where his father, an ironmonger and grain and lumber merchant, was one of the leaders of the Jewish community. When… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Berenson, Bernard — ► (1865 1959) Crítico e historiador de arte. Fue una autoridad en lo que se refiere al arte italiano del Renacimiento. * * * (26 jun. 1865, Vilna, Lituania, Imperio ruso–6 oct. 1959, Settignano, Italia). Historiador, crítico y perito en arte… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berenson,Bernard — Ber·en·son (bĕrʹĭn sən), Bernard also Bernhard 1865 1959. Lithuanian born American art critic and historian particularly noted for his writings on the Italian Renaissance, including Venetian Painters of the Renaissance (1894). * * * …   Universalium

  • BERENSON, Bernard — (1865–1959)    The American art historian who, although never involved in Etruscan art history, in spite of his long residence near Florence at his villa I Tatti, had an implicit influence on many directions of art history that formed a general… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Berenson, Bernard (Bernhard Valvrojenski) — (1865 1959)    American art historian. Born in Vilna in Lithuania, his family moved to the US. After gradu ating from Harvard University, he went to London, Oxford, Berlin and finally settled in Italy. In 1907 he began a long relationship with… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Berenson, Bernard (or Bernhard) —  (1865–1959) Lithuanian born American art critic …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Berenson — Berenson, Bernard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bernard — Bernard, Claude * * * (as used in expressions) Albinus, Bernard Siegfried Baruch, Bernard (Mannes) Berenson, Bernard Bernard, Claude Henriette Rosine Bernard Bosanquet, Bernard Bernard Schwartz De Voto, Bernard (Augustine) Foucault, Jean (Bernard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Berenson — (Bernard) (1865 1959) collectionneur et écrivain d art américain. Il étudia surtout la peinture italienne de la Renaissance …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bernard Berenson — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Berenson. Bernard Berenson, né Bernhard Valvrojenski à Butrimonys (Lituanie) le 26 juillet 1865, mort à Settignano le 6 octobre 1959, est un américain historien de l art spécialiste de la Renaissance italienne.… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”