Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans

Bacon, Francis, Viscount St. Albans
born Jan. 22, 1561, London, Eng.
died April 9, 1626, London

British statesman and philosopher, father of modern scientific method.

He studied at Cambridge and at Gray's Inn. A supporter of the Earl of Essex, Bacon turned against him when Essex was tried for treason. Under James I he rose steadily, becoming successively solicitor general (1607), attorney general (1613), and lord chancellor (1618). Convicted of accepting bribes from those being tried in his court, he was briefly imprisoned and permanently lost his public offices; he died deeply in debt. He attempted to put natural science on a firm empirical foundation in the Novum Organum (1620), which sets forth his scientific method. His elaborate classification of the sciences inspired the 18th-century French Encyclopedists (see Encyclopédie), and his empiricism inspired 19th-century British philosophers of science. His other works include The Advancement of Learning (1605), History of Henry VII (1622), and several important legal and constitutional works.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Bacon, Francis, Viscount Saint Alban (or Albans), Baron of Verulam — ▪ British author, philosopher, and statesman Introduction also called (1603–18)  Sir Francis Bacon  born Jan. 22, 1561, York House, London, Eng. died April 9, 1626, London  lord chancellor of England (1618–21). A lawyer, statesman, philosopher,… …   Universalium

  • Bacon, Sir Francis, Viscount St. Albans — (1561 1626)    Bacon is more remembered for his position as Lord Chancellor of England (1618 21) and for his non fiction than for his poetry. His public life came to an end in 1621 when he was charged with taking bribes as judge and spent a few… …   British and Irish poets

  • Viscount St Albans — Bacon Bacon, Francis Bacon Francis Baconprop. n. Francis Bacon. A celebrated English philosopher, jurist, and statesman, son of Sir Nicholas Bacon. Born at York House, London, Jan. 22, 1561: died at Highgate, April 9, 1626, created {Baron… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • BACON, Francis — (1561 1626) Francis Bacon was a lawyer, man of letters, and philosopher in the Elizabe­than and Jacobean eras. Although he eventually became lord chancellor of En­gland, he is best known for his Essays and writings concerning the new philosophy,… …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Viscount St. Albans — noun English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561 1626) • Syn: ↑Bacon, ↑Francis Bacon, ↑Sir Francis Bacon, ↑Baron Verulam, ↑1st Baron Verulam • Instance Hypernyms: ↑statesman, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Bacon, Francis, Lord Verulam, and Viscount St. Alban's — (1561 1626)    Philosopher and statesman, was the youngest s. of Sir Nicholas B., Lord Keeper, by his second wife, a dau. of Sir Anthony Cooke, whose sister married William Cecil, Lord Burghley, the great minister of Queen Elizabeth. He was b. at …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Bacon,Francis — I. Ba·con1 (bāʹkən), Francis. First Baron Verulam and Viscount Saint Albans. 1561 1626. English philosopher, essayist, courtier, jurist, and statesman. His writings include The Advancement of Learning (1605) and the Novum Organum (1620), in which …   Universalium

  • Bacon — /bay keuhn/, n. 1. Francis (Baron Verulam, Viscount St. Albans), 1561 1626, English essayist, philosopher, and statesman. 2. Francis, 1910 92, English painter, born in Ireland. 3. Henry, 1866 1924, U.S. architect. 4 …   Universalium

  • Francis — /fran sis/, n. a male given name: from an Old French word meaning Frenchman. * * * (as used in expressions) Abbott George Francis Adams Charles Francis Bacon Francis Viscount St. Albans Bacon Francis Bayard Thomas Francis Beaumont Francis Bebey… …   Universalium

  • viscount — /vuy kownt /, n. 1. a nobleman next below an earl or count and next above a baron. 2. Hist. a deputy of a count or earl. 3. (in England) a sheriff. [1350 1400; ME viscounte < AF; OF visconte (F vicomte), equiv. to vis VICE3 + counte COUNT2, trans …   Universalium

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