Arabian Peninsula

Arabian Peninsula

Peninsular region, southwest Asia.

With its offshore islands, it covers about 1 million sq mi (2.6 million sq km). Constituent countries are Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Yemen, and, the largest, Saudi Arabia. It is generally arid and is covered almost entirely by the Arabian Desert. The modern economy is dominated by the production of petroleum and natural gas. The world's largest proven reserves of those minerals are in the Arabian Peninsula. Its political consolidation was begun by the Prophet Muhammad, and it was the centre of the orthodox caliphate until 661, when that office passed to the Umayyad dynasty in Damascus. After 1517 much of the region was dominated by the Ottoman Empire, though the peninsula's people, who had remained largely tribal and nomadic, revolted repeatedly until the World War I (1914–18), when the Ottoman Empire dissolved. Thereafter, individual nation-states followed their own histories, though many maintained close ties with European powers such as the United Kingdom.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Arabian Peninsula — The Arabian Peninsula (in Arabic: شبه الجزيرة العربية šibh al jazīra al Unicode|ʻarabīya or جزيرة العرب jazīrat al Unicode|ʻarab ) is a peninsula in Southwest Asia at the junction of Africa and Asia consisting mainly of desert. The area is an… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabian Peninsula — noun a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; strategically important for its oil resources • Syn: ↑Arabia • Derivationally related forms: ↑Arabian (for: ↑Arabia) • Members of this Region: ↑emir, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Arabian Peninsula — noun A peninsula in the Middle East, bordered on by Jordan, the Syrian desert and Iraq to the north, the Persian Gulf to the northeast, the Gulf of Oman to the east, the Arabian Sea (part of the Indian Ocean) to the south (southeast), the Gulf of …   Wiktionary

  • Arabian Peninsula — /əˌreɪbiən pəˈnɪnʃələ/ (say uh.raybeeuhn puh ninshuhluh) noun a large peninsula in south western Asia, consisting predominantly of desert, surrounded by the Persian Sea, the Arabian Sea, and the Red Sea; location of the countries of Kuwait, Qatar …  

  • Arabian Peninsula — geographical name see Arabia …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • History of the Jews in the Arabian Peninsula — The history of the Jews in the Arabian Peninsula reaches back to Biblical times. The Arabian Peninsula is defined as including parts of: *Iraq and Jordan in geographic terms. In political terms, the following countries are politically considered… …   Wikipedia

  • Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula — The Arab Socialist Action Party – Arabian Peninsula ( ar. حزب العمل الاشتراكي العربي ـ الجزيرة العربية), was an underground oppositional political party in Saudi Arabia. It was founded in 1972 by elements of the erstwhile Arab Nationalist… …   Wikipedia

  • Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula — ( ar. Paul Johnson] in Riyadh, this group is suspected in connection with one bombing in Doha, Qatar in March 2005. [ 0325oxan qatarattack.html The Advent Of Terrorism In Qatar] , Forbes , 25 March… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabian Ostrich — Arabian Ostriches Arabian Ostrich painting from The Book of Animals of al Jahiz. Syria, 14th century. Conservation status …   Wikipedia

  • Arabian Oryx — Conservation status Vulnerable (IUCN 3.1) …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”