Ancient city, eastern Macedonia, near the mouth of the Struma River.

Amphipolis was a strategic transportation centre, controlling the bridge over the river and the route from northern Greece to the Dardanelles. Colonized by Athens in 437 BC, it was taken by Sparta in 424 BC. It soon received its independence, only to be taken by Philip II of Macedon in 358 BC. Later, under Roman rule, it was the headquarters of the Roman governor of Macedonia.

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▪ ancient city, Greece
      ancient Greek city on the Strymon (Strimón) River about three miles from the Aegean Sea, in Macedonia. A strategic transportation centre, it controlled the bridge over the Strymon and the route from northern Greece to the Hellespont, including the western approach to the timber, gold, and silver of Mount Pangaeum in Thrace. Originally a Thracian town (Ennea Hodoi, “Nine Roads”), it was colonized by Athens in 437–436 BC. The Spartan Brasidas seized it in 424 and defeated the Athenian Cleon, who tried to recapture it in 422. It was officially returned to Athens by the Peace of Nicias (421) but actually remained independent, despite Athenian attempts to regain control (416 and 368–365). Philip II of Macedonia occupied it in 357, and it remained under Macedonian control until 168, when Rome made it a free city and also the headquarters of the Roman governor of Macedonia. Traces of ancient fortifications and a Roman aqueduct are on the city's site, which is occupied by the modern town of Amfípolis.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Amphipolis — ( gr. Ἀμφίπολις ndash; Amphípolis ) was an ancient Greek city in the region once inhabited by the Edoni people in the present day periphery of East Macedonia and Thrace. It was built on a raised plateau overlooking the east bank of the river… …   Wikipedia

  • Amphipolis — Amphipolis,   attische Kolonie (seit 436 v. Chr.) an der Südküste Thrakiens, zwischen der Mündung des Strymon (dort der Hafen Eion) und dem See Kerkinitis. In der Nähe lagen die Goldgruben des Pangaiongebirges. Amphipolis war ein bedeutender… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Amphipŏlis — (a. Geogr.), 1) Stadt der Edoner früher zu Thracien, später zu Macedonien gehörig, in der Gegend Ennea Hodoi (9 Wege) Strymon, u. am Strymonischen Meerbusen, mit dem Hafen Eïon (jetzt Contessa od. Rendina). Hier legte der Milesier Aristogoras,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Amphipŏlis — Amphipŏlis, Stadt im östlichen Makedonien, auf einer vom Strymon gebildeten Halbinsel, mit dem Hafenort Eïon, Kolonie der Athener, 437 v. Chr. von Agnon, dem Sohne des Nikias, gegründet und für Athen besonders als Ausfuhrhafen (Gold und Bauholz… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amphipolis — Amphipŏlis, 437 v. Chr. gegründete athen. Kolonie in Mazedonien, oberhalb der Mündung des Strymon; machte sich 424 v. Chr. unabhängig, wurde später mazedonisch, dann röm. Provinzialhauptstadt …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Amphipolis — Amphipolis, eine Stunde von der Mündung des Strymon, von 2 Armen desselben umschlossen, früher thrac. Stadt, seit 437 v. Chr. athen. Colonie, bedeutender Handelsplatz. A. fiel im pelop. Kriege von Athen ab, wurde unter Philipp I. macedonisch,… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • AMPHIPOLIS — quae postea Christopolis a Graecis appellata est, hodie Christopoli, et Emboli Turcis, urbs Archiepiscopalis Macedoniae, in Thraciae confinio iuxta Philippos ad oram litoream; sic dicta διὰ την` περίὀροιαν τȏυ Στζύμονος, quod illam Strymon fluv.… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Amphipolis — 40° 49′ N 23° 51′ E / 40.82, 23.85 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Amphipolis — Lage von Amphipolis in Griechenland Lageplan von Amphipolis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Amphipolis Archaeological Museum — is a museum in Amphipolis, Greece.The museum contains many items related to the history and civilisation of Amphipolis dating from the Archaic to Christian periods. Its exhibition halls exhibit the cultural history of Amphipolis from prehistoric… …   Wikipedia

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