Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty of

Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty of
(Oct. 18, 1748) Treaty that ended the War of the Austrian Succession.

The treaty, negotiated largely by Britain and France, was marked by the mutual restitution of conquests, including the fortress of Louisbourg (in Nova Scotia) to France and Madras (now Chennai; in India) to England. It preserved Maria Theresa's right to the Austrian lands, but the Habsburgs were weakened by Prussia's retention of Silesia. The treaty did not resolve any issues in the commercial colonial struggle between England and France and thus did not lead to a lasting peace.

* * *

▪ European history [1748]
      (Oct. 18, 1748), treaty negotiated largely by Britain and France, with the other powers following their lead, ending the War of the Austrian Succession (Austrian Succession, War of the) (1740–48). The treaty was marked by the mutual restitution of conquests, including the fortress of Louisbourg on Cape Breton Island, Nova Scotia, to France; Madras in India, to England; and the barrier towns to the Dutch. The right of the Habsburg heiress Maria Theresa to the Austrian lands was guaranteed, but the Habsburgs were seriously weakened by the guarantee to Prussia, not a party to the treaty, of its conquest of Silesia. Both Britain and France were trying to win the friendship of Prussia, now clearly a significant power, for the next war. Maria Theresa gave up to Spain the duchies of Parma, Piacenza, and Guastalla in Italy. The treaty confirmed the right of succession of the house of Hanover both in Great Britain and in Hanover. In the commercial struggle between England and France in the West Indies, Africa, and India, nothing was settled; the treaty was thus no basis for a lasting peace.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Treaty of —    Signed between Great Britain and France, April 18, 1748. Brought the War of the Austrian Succession to a close. The practical effect of the treaty was to renew the status quo. All former treaties were renewed and all conquests restored. So far …   The makers of Canada

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) — The second Treaty of Aix la Chapelle (Aachen) of 1748 ended the War of the Austrian Succession. A congress assembled at the Imperial Free City of Aachen, in the west of the Holy Roman Empire, on April 24, 1748. The resulting treaty was signed on… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle — There were three Treaties of Aix la Chapelle. Although Aix la Chapelle is the now rarely used French name of the German city of Aachen, the name Treaty of Aachen is rarely used. *Treaty of Aix la Chapelle (812), Byzantine recognition of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668) — The Treaty of Aix la Chapelle or Treaty of Aachen was signed on May 2, 1668 in Aachen. It ended the war of Devolution between France and Spain. It was mediated by the Triple Alliance of England, the United Provinces and Sweden at the first… …   Wikipedia

  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of — (Oct. 1–Nov. 15, 1818) First of four congresses held by Britain, Austria, Prussia, Russia, and France to address European problems following the Napoleonic Wars. At Aix la Chapelle (now Aachen, Ger.), the participants accepted an offer by France… …   Universalium

  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of —    The Congress of Aix la Chapelle, meeting between september 29 and November 21, 1818, brought together the powers of the Quadruple Alliance, who, at the request of the French Restoration government, decided to end the occupation of France by… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Aix-la-Chapelle, Congress of — (1818)    The first post Vienna meeting of the Congress System that governed post Napoleonic Europe. In 1818, the four Great Powers Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia met in the first of several meetings to uphold the Congress system, a means… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1748) — On the 24 April 1748 a congress assembled at Aachen (French: Aix la Chapelle) for the purpose of bringing to a conclusion the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession. Between 30 April and 21 May the preliminaries were agreed to between… …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1668) — The Congress of Aix la Chapelle (1668) was the first of three treaties signed at Aachen (in French Aix la Chapelle ) which ended the War of Devolution. Although Aix la Chapelle is rarely used now, the treaties are rarely called the Treaties of… …   Wikipedia

  • Congress of Aix-la-Chapelle (1818) — Congress memorial in Aachen The Congress or Conference of Aix la Chapelle (Aachen), held in the autumn of 1818, was primarily a meeting of the four allied powers Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia to decide the question of the withdrawal of the …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”