Russ. /yu shkahrdd"u lah"/, n.

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also spelled  Ioshkar-Ola , or  Joškar-Ola 

      city and capital of Mari El republic, western Russia, on the Malaya (little) Kokshaga River. Yoshkar-Ola was founded in 1578, and in 1584 the fortress of Tsaryovokokshaysk was built there by Tsar Boris Godunov. Its remoteness from lines of communication prevented any development.

      In 1919 the city, renamed Krasnokokshaysk, became capital of the then Mari autonomous oblast, to be renamed Yoshkar-Ola in 1927. The building of a railway to Zelenodolsk on the Volga River in 1927 fostered industries, especially light engineering. The city has teacher-training and forestry institutes. Pop. (1991 est.) 274,600.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Yoshkar-Ola — (Mari and ru. Йошкар Ола) is a city in Russia and is the capital of the Mari El Republic. It has a population of 281,165 (2002 Census), which is slowly increasing as people from neighboring areas move to the city. Yoshkar Ola means red city in… …   Wikipedia

  • Yoshkar-Olá — Йошкар Ола Yoshkar Olá Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yoshkar-Ola — Iochkar Ola Iochkar Ola Йошкар Ола …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yoshkar-Ola — Original name in latin Yoshkar Ola Name in other language Iochkar Ola, Ioshkar Ola, JOK, JOSHKAR OLA, Joschkar Ola, Joshkar Ola, Josjkar Ola, Joskar Ola, Joszkar Ola, Joszkar Oa, Jokar Ola, Jokar Ola, Tsarevokokshaysk, Yoshkar Ola, yosikaleuolla …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Yoshkar-Ola — Sp Joškár Olà õs Ap Йошкар Ола/Yoshkar Ola L Marijos sostinė, Rusija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Yoshkar-Ola Airport — Infobox Airport name = Yoshkar Ola Airport nativename = nativename a = Аэропорт Йошкар Ола nativename r = image width = caption = IATA = JOK ICAO = UWKJ or UWKI type = Public owner = operator = GU Mari El Republic Yoshkar Ola Airport city served …   Wikipedia

  • Yoshkar-Ola — Stadt Joschkar Ola Йошкар Ола Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Yoshkar-Ola — /jaʃˈkar aˈla/ (say yahsh kahr ah lah) noun a city in western Russia; capital of the federal republic of Mari El. Also, Jos̆kar Ola …  

  • Yoshkar-Ola — Russ. /yu shkahrdd u lah /, n. Ioshkar Ola …   Useful english dictionary

  • Yoshkar-Ola — geographical name town E Russia in Europe capital of Mari El population 249,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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