/wooh"chahng"/, n.
Pinyin, Wade-Giles. a former city in E Hubei province, in E China: now part of Wuhan.

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or Wu-ch'ang

Industrial city (pop., 1999 est.: 227,856), part of the tri-city conurbation of Wuhan, Hubei province, central China.

It is the oldest of the Wuhan cities, probably dating from the Han dynasty. It was the capital of the kingdom of Wu in the 3rd century AD, as well as capital of an administrative district under the Yuan dynasty (1279–1368) and later capital of Hubei province (until 1950). In 1911 it was the starting point of the revolution against the imperial regime. The Japanese occupied the city in 1938–45; the Chinese communists took it in 1949. It became part of Wuhan in 1950.

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      large urban area, east-central Hubei (Hupeh) sheng (province), central China. It is located on the south bank of the Yangtze River (Chang Jiang) at its confluence with the Han River, opposite Hankou and Hanyang. Formerly an independent city, it was merged with those two entities in 1949 to form a district of the new city of Wuhan. Wuchang is the oldest of the three former cities of the Wuhan conurbation. For a time it was the capital of the Wu dynasty during the Three Kingdoms (Sanguo) period (220–280 CE), and it now serves as both the administrative and the cultural centre of both Wuhan city and Hubei province. Northeast of the Wuchang district proper and within the conurbation's Qingshan district is the huge Wuhan iron and steel complex, built in the 1950s and one of the largest in China.

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Universalium. 2010.

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