/wop"i tee/, n., pl. wapitis, (esp. collectively) wapiti.
elk (def. 2).
[1806, Amer.; < Shawnee wa·piti lit., white rump (equiv. to Proto-Algonquian *wa·p- white + *-etwiy- rump); introduced as an E word by U.S. physician and naturalist Benjamin S. Barton]

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Species (Cervus canadensis) of North American deer, often considered the same species as the red deer.

Once common, the wapiti is now confined to the Rocky Mountains and southern Canada. It is the second-largest living deer species (the moose is first). Males may stand taller than 5 ft (1.5 m) at the shoulder and weigh up to 1,100 lbs (500 kg). The coat is brown, pale on the rump, and long and shaggy on the shoulders and neck. The male's five-tined antlers tower almost 4 ft (1.2 m) above his head. Wapiti live in large bands in winter and in small groups in summer. See also elk.

Male wapiti (Cervus canadensis).

Alan Carey

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also called  American Elk 
  (species Cervus canadensis), North American deer, family Cervidae (order Artiodactyla), considered by some authorities to be of the same species as the red deer (C. elaphus) of Eurasia. Once common over most of North America, the elk now is confined to the Rocky Mountains and southern Canada. The second largest living deer, it is exceeded in size only by the moose. The male wapiti may stand taller than 1.5 m (5 feet) at the shoulder and, though it averages about 295 kg (650 pounds), may weigh up to 500 kg (1,100 pounds); the female is shorter and lighter. The coat of the wapiti is light to dark brown with a pale rump patch; the shoulders and neck are covered with long, shaggy, dark brown hair. The male has large antlers, which usually bear five tines and tower about 1.2 m (almost 4 feet) above his head. It is prized as a game animal for trophy heads as well as for its flesh and hide.

      The wapiti lives in large bands in winter; in summer the bands break up into smaller groups, the older bulls living alone or in groups of two or three. The wapiti requires large amounts of grasses, leaves, and other such food; when natural supplies are low, as in a severe winter, it may resort to cultivated crops, orchards, and haystacks. In the vicinity of civilization, its numbers are sometimes regulated by controlled hunting.

      The species C. canadensis is often considered to include two other deer, the Tule elk (C. nannodes) and the extinct Merriam's elk (C. merriami). The Tule elk, a California deer, is smaller and lighter in colour than the wapiti.

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Universalium. 2010.

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, (Cervus Canadensis)

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wapiti — Bulle Systematik Ordnung: Paarhufer (Artiodactyla) Unterordnung: Wiederkäuer (Ruminantia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • wapiti — [ wapiti ] n. m. • 1860; mot angl. amér., de l algonquin « croupe blanche » ♦ Grand cerf d Amérique du Nord et de Sibérie. Des wapitis. ● wapiti nom masculin (de l algonquin wapitik) Grand cerf des plaines d Amérique du Nord, très proche du cerf… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Wapiti — may refer to: Animals * Elk ( Cervus canadensis ), from the Cree language: waapiti , a large deer species native to western North America and eastern Asia * Manchurian wapiti ( Cervus canadensis xanthopygus ), a subspecies of elk, native to… …   Wikipedia

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  • wapiti — ☆ wapiti [wä′pə tē ] n. pl. wapitis or wapiti [< Shawnee waapiti, lit., one with a white rump < waap , white + iti, rump] a large, North American deer (Cervus canadensis) with widely branching antlers and a short tail …   English World dictionary

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  • Wapiti — Wap i*ti, n. [Probably the Iroquois name. Bartlett.] (Zo[ o]l.) The American elk ({Cervus Canadensis}). It is closely related to the European red deer, which it somewhat exceeds in size. [1913 Webster] Note: By some writers it is thought to be a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • wapiti — ► NOUN (pl. wapitis) ▪ a red deer of a large North American subspecies. ORIGIN Shawnee, white rump …   English terms dictionary

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