Wandering Jew

Wandering Jew
1. a legendary character condemned to roam without rest because he struck Christ on the day of the Crucifixion.
2. Also, wandering Jew, Wandering-jew /won"deuhr ing jooh"/. Also called inch plant. any of various trailing or creeping plants, as Zebrina pendula or Tradescantia fluminensis, having green or variegated leaves: a popular houseplant.

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      in horticulture, any of several popular houseplants in the family Commelinaceae. See spiderwort; Zebrina.

▪ legendary character
 in Christian legend, character doomed to live until the end of the world because he taunted Jesus on the way to the Crucifixion. A reference in John 18:20–22 to an officer who struck Jesus at his arraignment before Annas is sometimes cited as the basis for the legend. The medieval English chronicler Roger of Wendover describes in his Flores historiarum how an archbishop from Greater Armenia, visiting England in 1228, reported that there was in Armenia a man formerly called Cartaphilus who claimed he had been Pontius Pilate's doorkeeper and had struck Jesus on his way to Calvary, urging him to go faster. Jesus replied, “I go, and you will wait till I return.” Cartaphilus was later baptized Joseph and lived piously among Christian clergy, hoping in the end to be saved. An Italian variant of the story named the culprit as Giovanni Buttadeo (“Strike God”).

      The legend was revived in 1602 in a German pamphlet, “Kurze Beschreibung und Erzählung von einem Juden mit namen Ahasverus” (“A Brief Description and Narration Regarding a Jew Named Ahasuerus”). This version, in which the name Ahasuerus is first given to the wanderer, who was not baptized, describes how at Hamburg in 1542 Paulus von Eitzen (d. 1598), a Lutheran bishop of Schleswig, Ger., met an aged Jew who claimed to have taunted Jesus on the way to the Crucifixion. He received the reply “I stand and rest, but you will go on.” The popularity of the pamphlet may have been the result of the anti-Jewish feeling aroused by the belief that the Antichrist would appear in 1600 and be aided by the Jews. The pamphlet was rapidly translated into other languages of Protestant Europe. Appearances of the wandering Jew were frequently reported in various European cities. As late as 1868 he was reputedly seen in Salt Lake City, Utah.

      The wandering Jew has been the subject of many plays, poems, novels, and works of visual art. One of the best-known literary treatments is Eugène Sue's Romantic novel Le Juif errant, 10 vol. (1844–45; The Wandering Jew), but this anti-Jesuit melodrama has little to do with the original legend. Gustave Doré produced a series of 12 wood engravings on the theme in 1856.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • WANDERING JEW — WANDERING JEW, figure in Christian legend condemned to wander by Jesus until his second coming for having rebuffed or struck him on his way to the crucifixion. The story has given rise to a variety of folktales and literature still flourishing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Wandering Jew — Jew Jew, n. [OF. Juis, pl., F. Juif, L. Judaeus, Gr. ?, fr. ? the country of the Jews, Judea, fr. Heb. Y[e^]h[=u]d[=a]h Judah, son of Jacob. Cf. {Judaic}.] 1. Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wandering Jew — Wandering Wan der*ing, a. & n. from {Wander}, v. [1913 Webster] {Wandering albatross} (Zo[ o]l.), the great white albatross. See Illust. of {Albatross}. {Wandering cell} (Physiol.), an animal cell which possesses the power of spontaneous movement …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Wandering Jew — n. 1. in medieval folklore, a Jew condemned to wander the earth restlessly until the second coming of Christ because of his scornful attitude just before the Crucifixion 2. [w J ] any of several trailing plants (genus Tradescantia) of the… …   English World dictionary

  • Wandering Jew — rather than a Jew.Origin of the legendThe origins of the legend are debatable. According to some sources, the legend stems from Jesus s words given in Matthew 16:28: : Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of… …   Wikipedia

  • wandering jew — tradeskantė karoklė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Tradescantia zebrina angl. wandering jew; wandering jew zebrina vok. überhängende Zebrakraut; Hängende Zebrablüte rus. традесканция зебровидная lenk. pasiatka zwisła; zebryna zwisła …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • wandering jew — /wɒndərɪŋ ˈdʒu/ (say wonduhring jooh) noun any of various trailing or creeping plants, as Zebrina pendula, greyish green above and red underneath with pink flowers, Tradescantia albiflora, green with white flowers, or Setcresea pallida, purple… …  

  • wandering-Jew — bengalinė komelina statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Komelininių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Commelina benghalensis), paplitęs Afrikoje ir pietų ir rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Commelina benghalensis angl. Benghal dayflower; dayflower;… …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • wandering jew — brazilinė tradeskantė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Tradescantia fluminensis angl. spiderwort; spidy Jenny; wandering jew vok. Rio Tradescantie rus. традесканция миртолистная; традесканция приречная lenk. trzykrotka wężykowata;… …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • wandering jew — baltažiedė tradeskantė statusas T sritis vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Tradescantia albiflora angl. wandering jew vok. weißblütige Dreimasterblume; weißblütige Tradescantie rus. традесканция белоцветковая lenk. trzykrotka biała …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

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