/vos"kod, vos kod"/; Russ. /vu skhawd"/, n.
one of a series of Soviet spacecraft, carrying two or three cosmonauts.
[1964; < Russ Voskhód lit., rising (of the sun, a planetary body, etc.)]

* * *

      any of a second series of manned Soviet spacecraft. Following the triumph of the Vostok (q.v.) launchings that had put the first human in space, the Soviets developed the first spacecraft capable of carrying more than one crew member. On Oct. 12, 1964, Voskhod 1 carried three cosmonauts into Earth orbit.

      Voskhod 1 represented a major advance over the earlier Vostok series of manned orbiters. It was 1,500 pounds (680 kilograms) heavier and featured many technical improvements. It was the first spacecraft to employ an ion-propulsion system and was considered so reliable that no space suits were worn in flight.

      Reentry procedures were also modified for the Voskhod flight. The pilots of the Vostok series had to parachute from their spacecraft, but the Voskhod cosmonauts remained in their ship, making a hard-surface landing that involved the use of drogues (special parachutes) and retro-rockets. Voskhod 1 also was the first space mission to yield significant biomedical data. One of the cosmonauts, Boris Yegorov (Yegorov, Boris Borisovich), was a physiologist, and was assigned to monitor the physical condition of his fellow crew members. He measured their blood pressure, took blood samples, recorded brain waves, and tested muscle coordination.

      Voskhod 2, launched on March 18, 1965, continued the early pattern of Soviet space firsts. The two-man crew performed the first space walk. On the day of the launch cosmonaut Aleksei A. Leonov (Leonov, Aleksey Arkhipovich) exited the Voskhod spacecraft through an airlock and practiced manoeuvring in space for 10 minutes. Voskhod 2 spent 27 hours in orbit before returning to the Earth.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • VOSKHOD — (Rus. Dawn ), a periodical in the Russian language published in St. Petersburg from 1881 to 1906. The magazine was established by adolph landau , who transformed his annual literary scientific publication Yevreyskaya Biblioteka ( Jewish Library ) …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Voskhod — ( ru. Восход: sunrise) may refer to: *Voskhod programme, the Soviet programme of human spaceflight *Voskhod spacecraft, a spacecraft used in that programme *Voskhod rocket, a rocket that was used to launch those spacecraft *Voskhod, Russia, a… …   Wikipedia

  • Voskhod 1 — Données de la mission Vaisseau Voskhod Équipage 3 hommes Date de lancement 12 octobre 1964 à 07:30:01 UTC Site de lancement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voskhod 2 — 59°37′N 55°28′E / 59.617, 55.467 Voskhod 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voskhod 2 — Infobox Space mission mission name = Voskhod 2 spacecraft name = insignia = voskhod2patch.png insignia size = 200px sign = Алмаз (Almaz Diamond ) crew members = 2 launch = start date|1965|03|18|07|00|00|Z Gagarin s Start begin spacewalk =… …   Wikipedia

  • Voskhod — Programme Voskhod Différence de position entre les équipages Vostok et Voskhod Le programme Voskhod est le programme spatial de l Union soviétique intermédiaire qui a suivi le programme Vostok et qui a précédé les Soyouz. Histoire Ce programme a… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Voskhod 1 — Infobox Space mission mission name = Voskhod 1 spacecraft name = shuttle = insignia = voskhod1patch.png insignia size = 77px sign = Рубин (Rubin Ruby ) crew members = 3 launch pad = launch = October 12, 1964 07:30:01 UTC Gagarin s Start begin… …   Wikipedia

  • Voskhod — Original name in latin Voskhod Name in other language Dzhardzhava, Dzhardzhavi, Voskhod State code UA Continent/City Europe/Simferopol longitude 45.3392 latitude 36.4141 altitude 65 Population 6557 Date 2012 01 18 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Voskhod-M — The Voskhod M is an audio subsystem on the International Space Station (ISS) designed to provide radio communications between crewmembers and the ground or nearby Soyuz spacecraft …   Wikipedia

  • Voskhod — /vos kod, vos kod /; Russ. /vu skhawd /, n. one of a series of Soviet spacecraft, carrying two or three cosmonauts. [1964; < Russ Voskhód lit., rising (of the sun, a planetary body, etc.)] …   Useful english dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”