Virginia City

Virginia City
a mining town in W Nevada: famous for the discovery of the rich Comstock silver lode 1859.

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 town, seat (1876) of Madison county, southwestern Montana, U.S., on the Ruby River. Founded as Verona (after Varina Davis, wife of the president of the Confederate States of America) in 1863, when gold was discovered in nearby Alder Gulch, it was the first town to be incorporated (1864) in Montana and was the territorial capital from 1865 to 1875. The mines are no longer productive but the town has been reconstructed in the style prevalent during the days of the gold rush. Restored buildings include the offices of the Post, Montana's first newspaper (issued August 27, 1864). Pro-Northern vigilantes organized there in the 1860s and assassinated several residents, including the sheriff of the Bannack Mining District, suspected of sympathizing with the Confederate cause. The city was renowned for violence long after the end of the Civil War. Tourism, supplemented by livestock raising, is the economic mainstay. In the summer, 19th-century drama and vaudeville shows can be seen in the Opera House. Nevada City, just west, is also a reconstructed gold camp. Pop. (1990) 142; (2000) 130.

 unincorporated town, seat (1861) of Storey county, western Nevada, U.S., on the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevada range, 20 miles (32 km) south of Reno. Settled in 1859 and named for a prospector, “Old Virginia” Fennimore, it became a booming mining camp after the discovery of the Comstock Lode (chiefly silver) on nearby Mount Davidson. When the Nevada Territory was created by Congress in 1861, Virginia City had more than three-fourths of the new territory's population. In the 1870s its population reached 30,000, and there were 6 churches and more than 100 saloons. In 1875 the town was devastated by a fire that destroyed 33 blocks, including the entire downtown district.

      The “bonanza barons,” such as George Hearst and John MacKay, who made millions in the mines, built Victorian-style mansions, and even public buildings were elaborately decorated. A reporter on the city's newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise, during its boom period was Samuel Clemens, who first signed his well-known pen name, Mark Twain (Twain, Mark), to one of his newspaper stories. Bret Harte (Harte, Bret), another notable writer, also worked on the paper during Clemens's time there.

      After 25 years of frantic mining activity, Virginia City's population dwindled as the ore was worked out in the 1880s. It nearly became a ghost town, although in 1935 new federal controls on the price of gold spurred a modest revival that included the paving of Virginia City's main streets. The remaining 19th-century businesses—mainly saloons and popular museums—and some old mansions are maintained for the tourist trade. The Virginia and Truckee Railroad (1869), which tapped the Comstock, has been partially restored. The area has been designated a national historic district.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Virginia City — Ladenpassage in der City Lage von Virginia City in Nevada …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Virginia City —   [və dʒɪnjə sɪtɪ],    1) Stadt in Südwestmontana, USA, 150 km südlich von Helena, 1 775 m über dem Meeresspiegel, 200 Einwohner.   Stadtbild:   Zum Teil restaurierte Häuser der Ghosttown sind heute Anziehungspunkt des Fremdenverkehrs.  … …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Virginia City — Virginia City, MT U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 130 Housing Units (2000): 122 Land area (2000): 0.926049 sq. miles (2.398455 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.926049 sq. miles (2.398455 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Virginia City, MT — U.S. town in Montana Population (2000): 130 Housing Units (2000): 122 Land area (2000): 0.926049 sq. miles (2.398455 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.926049 sq. miles (2.398455 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Virginia City — (spr. wördschïnĭa ßittĭ), Hauptstadt der Grafschaft Storey des nordamerikan. Staates Nevada, 1890 m ü. M., im Washoegebirge, am Fuß des Mount Davidson (2385 m), mit Carson in Eisenbahnverbindung, war durch den 1858 entdeckten Comstock Lode, der… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Virginia City — (spr. wördschínnĭĕ ßitti), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Nevada, (1900) 2695 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Virginia City — [after “Old Virginny,” nickname of an early miner, a local eccentric] township in W Nev., near Reno: formerly a center of gold & silver mining (site of the Comstock Lode): pop. 2,500 …   English World dictionary

  • Virginia City — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Virginia City désigne :  États Unis Virginia City, une ville du Montana ; Virginia City, un …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Virginia City — 1 Original name in latin Virginia City Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Los Angeles longitude 39.30963 latitude 119.64962 altitude 1897 Population 855 Date 2011 05 14 2 Original name in latin Virginia City Name in other …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Virginia City — Sp Virdžinija Sitis Ap Virginia City L JAV: Madisono apyg. c. (Montana), Storio apyg. c. (Nevada) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

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