vers libre

vers libre
/vair' lee"breuh/; Fr. /verdd lee"brddeu/.
[1915-20; < F]

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▪ French poetry
      (French: “free verse”), 19th-century poetic innovation that liberated French poetry from its traditional prosodic rules. In vers libre, the basic metrical unit is the phrase rather than a line of a fixed number of syllables, as was traditional in French versification since the Middle Ages. In vers libre, the lengths of lines may vary according to the sense of the poem, the complete sentence replaces the stanza as a unit of meaning, and rhyme is optional.

      Vers libre appears to have been the independent invention of several different French poets in the late 1880s. Among its early advocates and theoreticians were Gustave Kahn, Jules Laforgue, Francis Vielé-Griffin, and Édouard Dujardin. The use of a free prosodic structure in French poetry was not entirely new: it had antecedents in the poems of the Symbolists, the prose poems of Rimbaud, and, much earlier, in the metrical experiments of Victor Hugo. But the widespread adoption of vers libre at the end of the 19th century influenced poetic trends in other countries, so that verse patterned on irregular metrical designs has become a tradition in the modern poetry of all Western nations. See also free verse.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • VERS LIBRE — Bien avant d’être nommément «vers libre», le vers français s’est souvent autorisé la variabilité métrique. Il s’agissait des «vers irréguliers», ceux dont parle La Fontaine dans un Avertissement à ses premiers contes: «L’auteur a voulu éprouver… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Vers libre —   [vɛr libr; französisch »freier Vers«] der, / s, 1) im 17. Jahrhundert in Frankreich entwickelter metrischer, reimender Vers von beliebiger Silbenzahl und mit freier Hiatus und Zäsurgestaltung; er war im 17. und 18. Jahrhundert in Lyrik, Drama… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • vers libre — 1902, from French, lit. free verse, lines of varying length. I remarked some years ago, in speaking of vers libre, that no vers is libre for the man who wants to do a good job. The term, which fifty years ago had an exact meaning in relation to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vers libre — см. Свободный стих. Литературная энциклопедия. В 11 т.; М.: издательство Коммунистической академии, Советская энциклопедия, Художественная литература. Под редакцией В. М. Фриче, А. В. Луначарского. 1929 1939 …   Литературная энциклопедия

  • Vers libre — Vers li|bre* [vɛr libr(ə)] der; , s [... libr(ə)] <aus fr. vers libre »freier Vers«> franz. Bez. für [reimloser] taktfreier Vers …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • vers libre — (izg. vȇr líbr) m DEFINICIJA knjiž. slobodni, nevezani stih (stihovi različitih dužina u pjesmi najčešće neujednačenog ritma i bez rime), usp. blank verse ETIMOLOGIJA fr …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • vers libre — [ver lē′br ] n. [Fr] FREE VERSE …   English World dictionary

  • Vers libre — Un vers libre est un vers qui n obéit pas à une structure régulière : ni mètre, ni rimes, ni strophes. De son côté, le vers traditionnel observe un nombre fixe de syllabes par vers et de vers par strophe. Cependant, le vers libre conserve… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vers libre — Верлибр (фр. vers libre) свободный от жёсткой ритмической и рифмовой композиции стих, характерный для поэзии XX века. Распространён практически во всех европейских и внеевропейских литературах. Примеры: Она пришла с мороза, Раскрасневшаяся,… …   Википедия

  • vers libre — vers li•bre [[t]ˌvɛər ˈli brə[/t]] fr. [[t]vɛr ˈli brə[/t]] n. fot pro free verse • Etymology: 1915–20; < F …   From formal English to slang

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