verbena

verbena
/veuhr bee"neuh/, n.
1. any of various plants of the genus Verbena, esp. any of several hybrid species cultivated for their showy flower clusters. Cf. verbena family.
2. any of various other plants, as the lemon verbena or sand verbena.
[1560-70; < ML verbena, L: leafy twig; see VERVAIN]

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Plant genus (Verbena) that contains about 250 species, almost all of them native to the New World tropics and subtropics.

Two species are indigenous to the Old World. The familiar garden verbena (V. hortensis, or V. hybrida) is a creeping plant that has square stems and bears flat heads of phloxlike flowers, in a wide range of colours. Many U.S. species of Verbena are low-growing, small-flowered, somewhat weedy plants more commonly called vervains. The shrub lemon verbena (Aloysia triphylla), notable for its fragrant oil, is a member of the verbena, or vervain, family (family Verbenaceae), which contains more than 2,600 species in about 100 genera. Members of the family have opposite or whorled leaves that are usually undivided. The flowers, in spikes or clusters, usually consist of a tube flaring into four or five almost equally cut lobes. The family also includes teak.

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▪ plant genus
      genus of plants in the family Verbenaceae that contains several species of garden flowers. Verbena consists of some 200 to 250 species, almost all of them native to the tropical and subtropical Americas, including 20 in the United States. Two species are indigenous to the Old World. Most verbenas are perennials, though a few are annuals. They usually have opposite leaves that are toothed, lobed, or dissected. The flowers are small to medium-sized and are usually borne on spikes.

      The best-known species is the common garden verbena (V. hortensis, or hybrida), which is derived from various South American species. This square-stemmed, creeping plant bears flat heads of phloxlike flowers that sometimes have yellow eyes. Its flowers range in colour from pure white to pink, red, blue, violet, and yellow and also occur in striped varieties. Forms of the North American clump verbena (V. canadensis) are also sometimes cultivated as garden flowers. Most other species in the United States are low-growing, small-flowered, somewhat weedy plants that are referred to as vervains rather than verbenas. The blue vervain (V. hastata) reaches a height of 1.5 metres (5 feet) and produces spikes of blue to purple flowers. The Eurasian species V. officinalis was once considered a medicinal plant.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Verbena — Verbena …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Verbena — puede referirse a: Fiesta popular que se celebra por la noche, Género botánico: Verbena El nombre común de la planta Antirrhinum barrelieri. El nombre común de la planta Salvia verbenaca. El nombre común de la planta Verbena officinalis. Nombre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Verbena — Ver*be na, n. [L. See {Vervain}.] (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous plants of which several species are extensively cultivated for the great beauty of their flowers; vervain. [1913 Webster] Note: Verbena, or vervain, was used by the Greeks, the Romans …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • verbena — verbenà, ènos sf. (2) DŽ, NdŽ, LEXXXIII405 bot. šakota kvapi darželių gėlė dantytais lapais, skėtiškais žiedais (Verbena): Verbena vaistinė (V. officinalis) LBŽ. Darželinė verbena (V. hybrida) LFV264. Šalikelės verbenom ir pinavijom nusodintos… …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • Verbena — statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Verbeninių (Verbenaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Verbena). atitikmenys: lot. Verbena angl. verbena; vervain vok. Eisenkraut; Verbene rus. вербена lenk. werbena …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • verbena — statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Verbeninių (Verbenaceae) šeimos augalų gentis (Verbena). atitikmenys: lot. Verbena angl. verbena; vervain vok. Eisenkraut; Verbene rus. вербена lenk. werbena …   Dekoratyvinių augalų vardynas

  • verbena — (Del lat. verbēna). 1. f. Planta herbácea anual, de la familia de las Verbenáceas, con tallo de seis a ocho decímetros de altura, erguido y ramoso por arriba, hojas ásperas y hendidas, flores de varios colores, terminales y en espigas largas y… …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • VERBENA — quasi Herbena, i. e. Veneris vena, denotabat apud Veteres omnem herbam frondemque, quâ Arae coronabantur, Francisc. Gouldm. Giction. Lat. Angl. Iul. vero Caesar Scaliger, Poetices l. 1. c. 21. ubi de Ara Apollini in Comaediis statui solita, sic:… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • verbena — verbéna ž DEFINICIJA bot. ljekovita biljka (Verbena officinalis) iz porodice Verbenaceae; sporiš ETIMOLOGIJA lat. verbena …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • verbena — [vər bē′nə] n. [ModL < L, foliage, branches, vervain < IE * werb , to turn, bend < base * wer > WORM] any of a genus (Verbena) of plants of the verbena family, with spikes or clusters of showy red, white, or purplish flowers, widely… …   English World dictionary

  • Verbena — ist eine im römischen Staatskult von den Fetialen getragene heilige Zweige, siehe Sagmina Gattung der Eisenkrautgewächse, siehe Verbenen eine Stadt in Alabama, siehe Verbena (Alabama) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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