Veii

Veii
/vee"yuy, vay"yee/, n.
an ancient city in central Italy, in Etruria, near Rome: Etruscan city destroyed by the Romans 396 B.C.

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Ancient Etruscan town.

It was located about 10 mi (16 km) northwest of Rome, near modern Veio. An important city of the Etruscan confederation and the foremost 6th-century producer of Etruscan terra-cotta sculptures, it had hegemony over Rome in the 7th–6th centuries BC. A subsequent series of wars ended in its destruction by Rome in 396 BC after a 10-year siege. Under Augustus it was made a municipium, and up to the 3rd century AD it continued as a religious centre.

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Italy
modern  Isola Farnese 
 ancient Etruscan town, located about 10 miles (16 km) northwest of Rome. Veii was the greatest centre for the fabrication of terra-cotta sculptures in Etruria in the 6th century BC. According to Pliny the Elder, Vulca of Veii made the terra-cotta statues for the Temple of Jupiter on the Roman Capitol in the late 6th century BC. The town had hegemony over Rome in the 7th and 6th centuries; a subsequent series of wars ended in the destruction of Veii (396 BC). Its destruction was not total, however, and the Romans later reconstructed the city. Under Augustus in 2 BC it was made a municipium (a community that exercised partial rights of Roman citizenship), and up to the 3rd century AD it continued as a religious centre.

 In origin, Veii appears to have been a conglomeration of Villanovan (Villanovan culture) villages during the 9th and 8th centuries BC, the graveyards of which occupied the rocky plains around the city. One of the chambered tombs, the Grotta Campana, contains the oldest known Etruscan frescoes. The ashes of the dead were stored in burial urns surmounted by archaic terra-cotta portrait heads. Nearby are the remains of the Temple of Apollo, home of the terra-cotta statue of the “Apollo of Veii” and also a temple shrine dedicated to the neighbouring Cremera River.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Veii — (pron. WAY ee or VAY ee; also Veius in it|Veio) was, in ancient times, an important Etrurian city 16 km NNW of Rome, Italy; its site lies in the modern comune of Formello, in the Province of Rome.Veii was the richest city of the Etruscan League,… …   Wikipedia

  • Veii — [vē′yī] ancient Etruscan city northwest of Rome: destroyed by the Romans in 396 B.C …   English World dictionary

  • Veii — Lage der Städte Rom und Veji Veji (lateinisch Veii, heute Veio bei Isola Farnese) war eine wichtige antike etruskische Stadt; sie lag an der Cremera, einem Nebenfluss des Tiber, 18 Kilometer nordnordwestlich von Rom und ist aus Siedlungen der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Veii — Véies Localisation de Véies. Noter la proximité de Rome Véies (prononcer [vé i]), en latin Veii (la prononciation et la graphie Véiès sont donc fautives), était une puissante cité étrusque située à la frontière sud de l Étrurie, dans la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • VEII —    This key Etruscan city of South Etruria was the largest (approximately 190 hectares), most dominant settlement in its landscape and was located only 17 kilometers from Rome. The Final Bronze Age occupation is difficult to establish compared… …   Historical Dictionary of the Etruscans

  • Veii — Sp Vèjai Ap Veii lotyniškai L ist. mst. C Italijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Veii — geographical name ancient city of Etruria in central Italy NNW of Rome …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • VEII —    an ancient city of Etruria, and in early times a formidable rival of Rome, from which it was only 12 m. distant. The Romans under Camillus laid siege to it, and it baffled them for 10 years …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Veii — Ve•ii [[t]ˈvi yaɪ, ˈveɪ yi[/t]] n. anh geg an ancient Etruscan city in central Italy, in Etruria, near Rome: destroyed by the Romans 396 b.c …   From formal English to slang

  • Veii — /ˈvijaɪ/ (say veeyuy) noun an ancient Etruscan city in central Italy, near Rome, often at war with ancient Rome …   Australian-English dictionary

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