/up"sah leuh, -seuh-/; Swed. /oop"sah'lah/, n.a city in SE Sweden. 146,192.Also, Upsala.
* * *Located north of Stockholm, it lies near a village which was originally the capital of the ancient pre-Christian kingdom of Svea. By the 13th century it was an important commercial centre. Relinquishing its political primacy to Stockholm, it remained the seat of the archbishop of Sweden; its Gothic cathedral (erected from the 13th–15th centuries) is Sweden's largest. It is also an educational centre, the site of Sweden's oldest university, Uppsala University (founded 1477). It is now an industrial city and transportation hub. Carolus Linnaeus lived there.
* * *▪ Swedencity and capital of the län (county) of Uppsala, east-central Sweden. It lies 40 miles (64 km) north-northwest of Stockholm. Originally known as Östra Aros, it was founded as a trading post at the head of navigation on the Fyris River at a point a few miles from Gamla (Old) Uppsala, which was the political and religious centre of the ancient kingdom of Svea. By the 13th century the new Uppsala had become a royal residence and an important commercial centre.Although it later relinquished its political primacy to Stockholm, Uppsala has remained a religious centre as the seat of the archbishop of Sweden. The Gothic cathedral, the largest such structure in Sweden, dominates the city. Work began on this edifice in the late 13th century but progressed slowly, and not until 1435 was the church consecrated. The cathedral was ravaged by fire several times but was finally restored in the late 19th century. Opposite the cathedral is the Gustavianum, a medieval bishop's palace that is now a museum of archaeology and cultural history.With its many schools, Uppsala is also a seat of Swedish learning and culture. Prestigious Uppsala University (1477) is the country's oldest, and the university's library, the Carolina Rediviva (1841), is one of the largest in Sweden. Other notable places in the city include a large castle that was begun by Gustav I Vasa in the mid-16th century and partly rebuilt in the 18th century. In 1654 it was the scene of Queen Christina's abdication; it is now the governor's residence. Additional points of interest in the city include the botanic garden and house of the botanist and explorer Carolus Linnaeus and the Victoria Museum, containing Egyptian antiquities.With the coming of the railway in the 1860s, Uppsala developed rapidly from a university town and agrarian-trade centre to an industrial city. Its industries include printing and publishing, food processing, and the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and machinery. The city is an important rail hub and is also a military centre. Pop. (2005 est.) mun., 183,308.län (county) in east-central Sweden. It lies between Mälaren (lake) on the south and the Gulf of Bothnia on the north. It constitutes most of the western part of the landskap (province) of Uppland. The län's low, level surface is drained by the Fyris River. Grain and potatoes are grown, and there is some stock raising and dairying. Major iron-ore deposits are found in the region around Dannemora, and there are several ironworks and steelworks. Sawmilling is predominant in the area near the mouth of the Dal River in the north, and there is a major hydroelectric plant located at Älvkarleby. The capital and largest city is Uppsala. Area 2,782 square miles (7,206 square km). Pop. (2005 est.) 302,564.
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