/ooh muy"ad/, n.

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  • Umayyad — member of a Muslim dynasty which ruled the Caliphate 661 750 C.E. and in 756 C.E. founded an emirate in Spain, 1758, from Arabic, from Umayya, proper name of an ancestor of Muhammad from whom the dynasty claimed descent …   Etymology dictionary

  • Umayyad — noun Usage: often attributive Etymology: Arabic (banū) umayya, Meccan kin group to which the Umayyad caliphs belonged Date: 1758 a member of a dynasty of caliphs based in Damascus that ruled from A.D. 661 to 750 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Umayyad Caliphate — بنو أمية Banu Umayyah (Arabic) ← …   Wikipedia

  • Umayyad Mosque — جامع بني أمية الكبير …   Wikipedia

  • Umayyad conquest of North Africa — Part of the Muslim conquests and the Byzantine Arab Wars Date 647–709 Location Egypt, North Africa …   Wikipedia

  • Umayyad dynasty — (661–750) First great Muslim dynasty. It was founded by Muāwiyah I, who triumphed over the Prophet Muhammad s son in law, Alī, to become the fifth caliph. He moved the capital from Medina to Damascus and used the Syrian army to extend the Arab… …   Universalium

  • Umayyad conquest of Hispania — v · …   Wikipedia

  • Umayyad tradition of cursing Ali — The Umayyad tradition of cursing Ali was performed in state controlled mosques from 657 to 717 CE. Muawiyah I, after the stalemate of the Battle of Siffin, began the custom of including a curse against Ali from the pulpit in Damascus. As he… …   Wikipedia

  • Umayyad Caliphate —    Dynasty of caliphs founded by Muawiya (qq.v.) in 661, ending the civil war with Ali (son in law of the Prophet Muhammad [q.v.]) that had erupted after the assassination of Uthman (q.v.) in 656. Its capital was Damascus (q.v.). Until the battle …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Umayyad — noun the first Islamic dynasty of Arab caliphs; established in Damascus …   Wiktionary

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