Tyumen

Tyumen
/tyooh men"/; Russ. /tyooh myen"/, n.
a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia. 456,000.

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Russia
also spelled  Tiumen, or T'umen 

      ', city and administrative centre of Tyumen oblast (province), central Russia. The city lies in the southwestern part of the West Siberian Plain. It is situated on both banks of the Tura River at its crossing by the Trans-Siberian Railroad. Founded in 1586, it is the oldest Russian city in Siberia, located on the site of a Tatar town, Chingi-Tura, founded in the 14th century. A river port, it functions as a transshipment point. Its main industries are metalworking, engineering, shipbuilding, timber products, and chemicals. The city grew rapidly after the discovery of oil and gas farther to the north in Western Siberia. Pop. (1991 est.) 494,200.

also spelled  Tiumen, or T'umen 

      ', oblast (province), central Russia, occupying an area of 554,100 square miles (1,435,200 square km) in the Ob-Irtysh Basin. In the extreme west the Ural Mountains attain 6,217 feet (1,895 m) in Mount Narodnaya, but the remainder of the oblast's huge area is a low, exceptionally flat plain, with innumerable lakes and very extensive swamps. The oblast stretches from tundra in the north, with its scanty vegetation of mosses and lichens and poor soils, through dense swamp forests, or taiga, of spruce, fir, pine, larch, and birch, to forest-steppe with birch in the south. More than 80 percent of the area is occupied by the Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets autonomous okruga (qq.v.). Tyumen city is the administrative centre of the oblast.

      Until the 1960s economic activity was confined to timber working, fur trapping, and reindeer herding, and communications were extremely sparse; only in the forest-steppe south was agriculture important. Major oil deposits were opened in the 1960s along the Ob, with Surgut and Nadym as the main centres. Towns and communications have developed as a result of increasing production. Pop. (1991 est.) 3,155,700.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tyumen — (audio ru|Тюмень|Ru Tyumen.ogg) is a city in Russia, located on the Tura River km to mi|2144 east of Moscow. It is the administrative center of Tyumen Oblast in the Urals Federal District.Population: ru census2002|510719|; su… …   Wikipedia

  • Tyumen — [tyo͞o men′] city in W Asian Russia, near the Urals: pop. 491,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Tyumen-2 — p1 Tyumen 2 p1 Schiffsdaten Flagge Russland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tyumen — Stadt Tjumen Тюмень Flagge Wappen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tyumen — Original name in latin Tyumen Name in other language TJM, Tjumen, Tjumen , Tyumen, Tyumen , Tyumen’, Тюмень State code RU Continent/City Asia/Yekaterinburg longitude 57.15222 latitude 65.52722 altitude 81 Population 519119 Date 2013 04 27 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Tyumen — noun A city in Russia, administrative centre of Tyumen oblast …   Wiktionary

  • Tyumen' — geographical name city W Russia in Asia on the Tura (a tributary of the Tobol) population 496,000 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Tyumen — Tyu•men [[t]tyuˈmɛn[/t]] n. geg a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia. 456,000 …   From formal English to slang

  • Tyumen — /tyooh men /; Russ. /tyooh myen /, n. a city in the SW Russian Federation in Asia. 456,000 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Tyumen State Oil and Gas University — is the largest university in the Tyumen region of Russia. It has 7 schools, including construction, social sciences, engineering, and the Institute of Management and Business. There are 4 petroleum universities in Russia. Tyumen State Oil and Gas …   Wikipedia

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