/toor"euh koh'/, n., pl. turacos.

* * *

also spelled  touraco,  also called  lourie  or  plantain-eater 
 any of about 18 species in six genera of colourful, fruit-eating African birds (bird). The green and iridescent turacos (Tauraco, Musophaga, and Corythaeola) are primarily residents of dense broad-leaved evergreen forest; the grayer forms (Crinifer), most of which are called go-away birds (because the calls of some are “g'way, g'way”), are found in more open woodland, including savanna.

      Turacos are remarkable for their coloration. Some are predominantly gray, brown, and white, but the 10 species of the genus Tauraco and the 2 species of Musophaga possess a unique and beautiful red pigment, turacin, and a green pigment, turacoverdin. The former occurs in the wing feathers (feather) of all 12 species and in the crests of a few; turacoverdin is found in the body plumage of these species and some of Corythaixoides. Most turacos also have prominent head crests.

      Long-tailed and short-winged, turacos vary in size from approximately 35 cm (14 inches) in the predominantly green and blue species of Tauraco to about 70 cm (28 inches) in the great blue turaco (Corythaeola cristata). They spend their time entirely in trees in search of fruit, taking a few invertebrates.

      They are social, moving in small, noisy flocks, but they nest solitarily. The nest is made up of a flat platform of twigs, placed in trees often at considerable height. In forest species the male walks or leaps among branches with his tail fanned and with his wings half-spread, displaying the crimson wing patches during courtship. Courtship feeding has also been observed, the male regurgitating fruit pulp or presenting whole fruit to the female. Two or three white eggs are laid, producing young with thick down that are able to clamber about at an early age aided by well-developed claws on their wings.

      The calls of turacos are described as barking or laughing notes given in a series. A few species utter softer cooing notes.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • turaco — uraco, turacou u*ra cou, n. [Cf. F. touraco.] (Zo[ o]l.) Any one of several species of large brightly crested birds of the genus {Turacus}, native of Africa. They eat plantain and are remarkable for the peculiar green and red pigments found in… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • turaco — TURÁCO s. m. pasăre arboricolă, de mărimea unui fazan, având pe cap o creastă de pene moi, în pădurile Africii tropicale. (< fr., engl. touraco) Trimis de raduborza, 15.09.2007. Sursa: MDN …   Dicționar Român

  • turaco — s. m. Espécie de cuco africano …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Turaco — Turacos and relatives Guinea Turaco, Tauraco persa at Birds of Eden aviary, South Africa Scientific classification Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • turaco — /ˈturəkoʊ/ (say toohruhkoh) noun (plural turacos) any of the large African birds constituting the family Musophagidae (genera Turaco, Musophaga, etc.), notable for their brilliant plumage and helmet like crest. Also, touraco. {from a West African …  

  • turaco — plikaakiai turakai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Musophaga angl. turaco vok. Turako, m rus. гологлазый турако, m pranc. touraco, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrieji turakai siauresnis terminas – Centrinės Afrikos… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • turaco — tikrieji turakai statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Tauraco angl. turaco vok. Turako, m rus. турако, m pranc. touraco, m ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrieji turakai siauresnis terminas – baltakuodis turakas siauresnis… …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Turaco Lodge — (Марлот Парк,Южно Африканская Республика) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: 17 …   Каталог отелей

  • turaco — or touraco noun (plural cos) Etymology: origin unknown Date: 1743 any of a family (Musophagidae) of typically crested African birds that are related to the cuckoos and have a long tail, a short stout often colored bill, and red wing feathers …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • turaco — ► ZOOLOGÍA Nombre común de diversas aves musofagiformes (géneros Turacus y Musophaga); son aves de tamaño medio y plumaje en general vistoso. Se hallan en África …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”