tupelo

tupelo
/tooh"peuh loh', tyooh"-/, n., pl. tupelos.
1. any of several trees of the genus Nyssa, having ovate leaves, clusters of minute flowers, and purple, berrylike fruit, esp. N. aquatica, of swampy regions of the eastern, southern, and midwestern U.S.
2. the soft, light wood of these trees.
[1720-30, Amer.; perh. < Creek *'topilwa lit., swamp tree (equiv. to íto tree + opílwa swamp)]

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Any of about seven species of trees that make up the genus Nyssa in the sour gum family (Nyssaceae).

Five are found in moist or swampy areas of eastern North America, one in eastern Asia, and one in western Malaysia. They all have horizontal or hanging branches, broad leaves, and male and female flowers on different plants. North American species bear greenish-white flowers and small bluish-black or purple berries. The most widespread North American species is the black gum. Tupelo wood, most of which comes from the water tupelo (N. aquatica), is pale yellow to light brown, fine-textured, and strong. It is used for crates and boxes, flooring, wooden utensils, and veneers.

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      city, seat (1867) of Lee county, northeastern Mississippi, U.S., located 62 miles (100 km) northeast of Columbus. It is the headquarters and focal point of the Natchez Trace Parkway. In 1859 the original settlement of Harrisburg was moved 2 miles (3 km) east to the Mobile and Ohio Railroad line. The new community, Gum Pond, was later renamed Tupelo for the local tupelo trees that supplied construction timber. It developed as a processing and shipping centre for cotton and dairy produce; it is now a distribution and manufacturing centre producing furniture and tires. The city has branch campuses of the University of Mississippi (Mississippi, University of) and Itawamba Community College.

      Within the city limits is Tupelo National Battlefield, where the Confederates under Nathan Bedford Forrest (Forrest, Nathan Bedford) and Stephen D. Lee were contained by A.J. Smith's Union troops (July 14–15, 1864) during the American Civil War, and the Oren Dunn Museum, which contains artifacts on space exploration, Chickasaw Indians, local history, and other topics. Also in the vicinity are Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site, where, on June 10, 1864, Union forces were defeated by Forrest; Chickasaw Village (formerly Ackia Battleground National Monument), marking the spot where the Chickasaw Indians defeated the French in 1736; Tombigbee State Park; Trace State Park; a section of Tombigbee National Forest; and the Private John Allen National Fish Hatchery. Disaster struck the city on April 5, 1936, when a tornado killed scores of people and injured hundreds more. The rock and roll star Elvis Presley (Presley, Elvis) was born in Tupelo, and his house is part of a complex of attractions (including a museum and park) that are open to the public. Inc. 1870. Pop. (1990) 30,685; (2000) 34,211.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Synonyms:
, (Nyssa multiflora)


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tupelo — Tupelo, AR U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 177 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo — Tu pe*lo, n. [Tupelo, or tupebo, the native American Indian name.] (Bot.) A North American tree ({Nyssa multiflora}) of the Dogwood family, having brilliant, glossy foliage and acid red berries. The wood is crossgrained and very difficult to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Tupelo — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Tupelo (Arkansas) Tupelo (Mississippi) Tupelo (Oklahoma) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wort bezeichneter Begriffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tupelo, AR — U.S. town in Arkansas Population (2000): 177 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.311330 sq. miles (0.806342 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo, MS — U.S. city in Mississippi Population (2000): 34211 Housing Units (2000): 14551 Land area (2000): 51.105468 sq. miles (132.362550 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.318565 sq. miles (0.825079 sq. km) Total area (2000): 51.424033 sq. miles (133.187629 sq …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo, OK — U.S. city in Oklahoma Population (2000): 377 Housing Units (2000): 178 Land area (2000): 0.401438 sq. miles (1.039719 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.401438 sq. miles (1.039719 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Tupelo — puede referirse a: La ciudad norteamericana de Tupelo (Misisipi). Un sinónimo del género botánico Nyssa. Esta página de desambiguación cataloga artículos relacionados con el mismo título. Si llegaste aquí a través de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tupelo — Tupēlo (Nyssa aquatĭca L.), eine nordamerik. Sumpfpflanze der Kornazeen, die die quellbaren, in der Chirurgie verwandten Tupelostifte liefert …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • tupelo — (n.) black gum tree, 1730, apparently from Cree (Algonquian) ito opilwa swamp tree …   Etymology dictionary

  • tupelo — ☆ tupelo [to͞o′pə lō΄ ] n. pl. tupelos [< ? Creek * topilwa, lit., swamp tree < íto, tree + opílwa, swamp] 1. any of a genus (Nyssa) of the sour gum family of tall North American trees found in moist forests or swamps, including the black… …   English World dictionary

  • Tupelo — Taxobox name = Tupelo image width = 240px image caption = Black tupelo foliage and immature fruit regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Cornales familia = Cornaceae (Nyssaceae) genus = Nyssa genus authority = L.… …   Wikipedia

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