/troh"jeuhn/, adj.
1. of or pertaining to ancient Troy or its inhabitants.
2. a native or inhabitant of Troy.
3. a person who shows pluck, determination, or energy: to work like a Trojan.
[bef. 900; ME; OE Troian < L Trojanus, equiv. to Troj(a) TROY + -anus -AN]

* * *

also called  Trojan horse virus 

      a type of malicious computer software (malware) disguised within legitimate or beneficial programs or files. Once installed on a user's computer system, the trojan allows the malware developer remote access to the host computer, subjecting the host computer to a variety of destructive or undesired activities.

      Named for the famed Trojan horse trick that enabled the ancient Greeks to capture the city of Troy, computer trojans can pose a serious threat to unsuspecting computer users. The user first unknowingly installs the trojan application, usually spread through instant-messaging software, e-mail attachments, or Web downloads. Through activation of this “backdoor” access, the computer becomes a “bot,” or zombie, allowing a remote malware user to perform any action that the computer owner could on the infected computer. Thousands of trojans in circulation are used for a variety of malicious purposes: browsing the hard drive to steal data, logging key strokes to acquire personal passwords or account numbers, erasing files, shutting down the computer at random, sending spam from the user's e-mail account, or deleting the entire hard drive.

      Trojans can affect millions of computers simultaneously, and they are sometimes used in targeted attacks against the networks of government organizations, universities, or businesses. They are frequently used for illegal activity such as corporate espionage, blackmail, fraud, and identity theft, but relatively few of those responsible have been identified and prosecuted. Trojans and other malware were developed alongside the personal computer, with the first trojans theorized in the early 1980s and developed in the 1990s. Malware development has kept pace with increasingly sophisticated malware detection and prevention software.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trojan — originally referred to a citizen of the city of Troy (Ilium) made legendary by the Trojan War (and Trojan Horse).Trojan may also refer to:Language * Trojan language, the language spoken in the ancient city of TroyAstronomy * Trojan (astronomy),… …   Wikipedia

  • Trojan — (Троян) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Trojan — Tro jan, a. [L. Trojanus, fr. Troja, Troia, Troy, from Tros, Gr. Trw s, Trwo s, Tros, the mythical founder of Troy.] 1. Of or pertaining to ancient Troy or its inhabitants. n. A native or inhabitant of Troy. [1913 Webster] 2. One who shows the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Trojan — ► NOUN ▪ an inhabitant of ancient Troy in Asia Minor. ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to Troy. ● work like a Trojan Cf. ↑work like a Trojan …   English terms dictionary

  • Trojan — 1.) trademark a type of ↑condom sold in the US 2.) old fashioned work like a Trojan to work very hard …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Trojan — O.E. Troian of or pertaining to ancient Troy, from L. Trojanus, from Troia, Troja Troy, from Gk. Tros, name of a king of Phrygia, the mythical founder of Troy. In 17c., it was a colloquial term for person of dissolute life, carousing companion.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Trojan — Trojan, Flecken, s.u. Trajan …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Trojan — Trojan, Stadt im bulgar. Kreise Lowetsch, am Osem (Osna), südlich von Lowetsch an einem Balkanpasse (Trojanpaß) gelegen, 400 m ü. M., mit (1893) 6873 Einw., die Viehzucht, Acker und Obstbau treiben …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trojan — Trojan, Stadt im bulgar. Kr. Plevna, an der Osma, (1893) 6873 E.; Trojanpaß (1651 m) nach Ostrumelien …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trojan [2] — Trojan, Johannes, humoristischer Schriftsteller, geb. 14. Aug. 1837 zu Danzig, seit 1886 Chefredakteur des »Kladderadatsch«; schrieb: »Gedichte« (2. Aufl. 1900), »Scherzgedichte« (1883 u.ö.), »Für gewöhnliche Leute« (1893), »Von Einem zum Andern« …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Trojan — Variante rare (sans doute originaire du Frioul) de l italien Troiano. Voir ce nom …   Noms de famille

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”