/truy ath"leuhn/, n.
1. an athletic contest comprising three consecutive events, usually swimming, bicycling, and distance running.
2. a women's track-and-field competition comprising the 100-meter dash, high jump, and shot put.
3. Brit. a competition comprising fly-casting, horseback-riding, and trapshooting events.
[1970-75; TRI- + (DEC)ATHLON]

* * *

Endurance contest involving swimming, cycling, and running.

Triathlons originated in California in the 1970s and became an Olympic event in 2000. Olympic and world championship triathlons consist of a 1.5-km open water swim, a 40-km bicycle ride, and a 10-km run. The sport's most famous event, the Ironman triathlon, is held annually in Hawaii and consists of a 3.8-km (2.4-mi) swim, a 180-km (112-mi) bicycle ride, and a 42.2-km (26.2-mi) marathon run.

* * *

 an endurance contest involving swimming, cycling, and running. The sport evolved out of a 1970s American craze for long-distance running and fitness and was introduced as an Olympic (Olympic Games) sport at the 2000 Games in Sydney, Australia.

      The sport debuted in San Diego, California, on September 25, 1974, when a race organized by local athletes Jack Johnstone and Don Shanahan was dubbed a triathlon. The event saw 46 competitors swim 460 metres (500 yards), run 9.6 km (6 miles), and bike 8 km (5 miles). Several years later John Collins, a U.S. Navy officer stationed in Hawaii who had finished 35th in the San Diego race, established the Hawaiian Ironman. That triathlon begins with a 3.8-km (2.4-mile) swim, followed by a 180-km (112-mile) bicycle ride and a 42-km (26.2-mile) run (the equivalent of a marathon). Only 15 athletes participated in the inaugural Hawaiian Ironman triathlon, but the race quickly gained international attention and became the sport's premier competition. At the beginning of the 21st century, the Hawaiian Ironman regularly attracted some 1,600 competitors representing more than 50 countries.

      While triathlons were initially sponsored by local clubs, the more important races, including the Hawaiian Ironman, soon began to garner corporate sponsorships. In 1989 the International Triathlon Union (ITU), the sport's official governing body, was founded in Avignon, France, with the mission to promote the sport's global appeal. The ITU hosts an annual World Championship.

      Triathlons may vary in length, but all begin with swimming, followed by cycling, and end with running. The Olympic and ITU championship triathlons consist of a 1.5-km (0.9-mile) swim, a 40-km (25-mile) bike ride, and a 10-km (6-mile) run. The top men typically finish in about 1 hour 50 minutes, the women in just over 2 hours. “Sprint” versions of the triathlon include a swim of up to 1 km (0.6 mile), a bicycle ride of up to 25 km (15.5 miles), and a run of up to 5 km (3 mile), while “long” contests can involve a 2- to 4-km (1- to 2.5-mile) swim, 50- to 100-km (31- to 62-mile) bicycle ride, and a 10- to 30-km (6- to 19-mile) run.

      The one-day triathlon that covers the longest distances is the Ironman, which top performers finish in less than nine hours. Planners continue to organize longer unofficial races as participants become more ambitious to test the limits of human endurance. In 1998 Monterrey, Mexico, hosted a double deca-triathlon, an event 20 times as long as the Ironman. Lithuanian Vidmantas Urbonas won, completing the race in under 438 hours.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Triathlon — Fédération internationale ITU (1989) Sport olympique depuis 2000 Pratiquants +20000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • triathlon — [ tri(j)atlɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1929; de tri , d apr. pentathlon ♦ Sport Épreuve d athlétisme comportant trois parties (course, saut et lancer, ou le plus souvent natation, course cycliste, course à pied). Sportif pratiquant le triathlon (TRIATHLÈTE ou… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • triathlon — 1973, from Gk. tri three (see TRI (Cf. tri )) + athlon contest; formed on model of decathlon, etc …   Etymology dictionary

  • triathlon — m DEFINICIJA v. triatlon …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • triathlon — ► NOUN ▪ an athletic contest consisting of three different events, typically swimming, cycling, and long distance running. DERIVATIVES triathlete noun. ORIGIN from TRI (Cf. ↑tri ), on the pattern of decathlon …   English terms dictionary

  • triathlon — ☆ triathlon [trī ath′län, trī athlən ] n. [ TRI + Gr athlon, a contest] an endurance race combining three consecutive events (swimming, bicycling, and running) …   English World dictionary

  • Triathlon — This article is about a type of three sport athletic competition. For other uses, see Triathlon (disambiguation). The three typical components of triathlon: swimming, cycling, and running A triathlon is a multi sport event involving the… …   Wikipedia

  • Triathlon — Langdistanztriathlon in Roth (Schwimmen) Der Triathlon ist eine Ausdauersportart, bestehend aus einem Mehrkampf der Disziplinen Schwimmen, Radfahren und Laufen, die nacheinander und in genau dieser Reihenfolge mit ununterbrochener Zeitnahme zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Triathlon — Ausdauermehrkampf * * * Tri|ath|lon 〈m. 6 oder n. 15; Sp.〉 Mehrkampfdisziplin, die aus Schwimmen, Radfahren u. Laufen besteht [<Tri... + grch. athlon „Kampf“] * * * Tri|ath|lon, das; s [aus griech. tri = drei u. ãthlon ↑ (Athlet), geb. nach ↑… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • triathlon — UK [traɪˈæθlən] / US / US [traɪˈæθˌlɑn] noun [countable] Word forms triathlon : singular triathlon plural triathlons a type of race in which each person swims, rides a bicycle, and runs over very long distances …   English dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”