/townz"vil/, n.
a seaport on the E coast of Queensland, in E Australia. 86,112.

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      city and major port, eastern Queensland, Australia, at the mouth of Ross Creek on Cleveland Bay of the Coral Sea. Founded in 1864 and named after Robert Towns, it was gazetted a town in 1865 and served as a centre for trade with the Pacific Islands. Proclaimed a municipality in 1866, it became a city in 1903. Lying close to Flinders Passage through the Great Barrier Reef offshore, it has one of Queensland's finest artificial harbours. The confluence of rail lines from Brisbane (690 miles [1,110 km] southeast), Cairns, Charters Towers, Mount Isa, and Cloncurry, the city also has air links to major cities and is the junction of the Bruce and Flinders highways. Townsville is the seat of James Cook University of North Queensland (1970) and of the Australian Institute of Marine Science. It is now the commercial centre for northern Queensland and handles beef cattle, sheep, sugar and other agricultural crops, and ores. Major industries include meat and sugar processing, copper refining, railroad repair, timber milling, boatbuilding, and the manufacture of steel, cans, and cement. A large prawning and fishing fleet operates out of Townsville. A tourist base for the Great Barrier Reef and the Atherton Plateau, the city is dominated by the 938-foot (286-metre) Castle Hill, which overlooks Magnetic Island. Pop. (2006) local government area, 95,464.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Townsville —   [ taʊnzvɪl], Hafenstadt im Nordosten von Queensland, Australien, am Korallenmeer, 124 900 Einwohner; anglikanischer und katholischer Bischofssitz; Universität (gegründet 1970), Meeresforschungsinstitut; Kupferraffinerie (Erze aus Mount Isa),… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Townsville — [tounz′vil΄] seaport on the E coast of Queensland, Australia: pop. 123,000 …   English World dictionary

  • Townsville — This article is about the metropolitan area of Townsville. For the Townsville CBD suburb, see Townsville City, Queensland. For the local government area, see City of Townsville. For other uses, see Townsville (disambiguation). Townsville… …   Wikipedia

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  • Townsville — Original name in latin Townsville Name in other language TSV, Townsville, taunzuvuTownsvilleiru State code AU Continent/City Australia/Brisbane longitude 19.26639 latitude 146.8057 altitude 15 Population 196219 Date 2013 06 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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