/toohl/, n.
a fortress town in NE France, on the Moselle: siege 1870. 16,832.

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      town, Meurthe-et-Moselle département, Lorraine région, northeastern France. It lies between the left bank of the Moselle River and the Marne au Rhin Canal, 12 miles (19 km) west of Nancy.

      Once named Tullum and originally the capital of the Leuci tribe in the Belgic Confederation, the town acquired importance under the Romans. Toul was evangelized in the 4th century. The bishops of Toul were sovereign counts in the 10th century; the town became linked with Verdun, Metz, and their domains to form the Trois-Évêchés territory. In 1545 it placed itself under French protection and later became part of the kingdom of France. Toul lost its bishopric late in the 18th century but gained increasing importance as a garrison town. Its fortifications, rebuilt by the military engineer Sébastien Le Prestre de Vauban in 1700, were strengthened after the Franco-German War of 1870.

      The former fortress town was rebuilt after World War II, during which whole sections were devastated by fire. Notable churches have survived, including the restored cathedral of Saint-Étienne, dating from the 13th century, and the 13th–14th-century church of Saint-Genoult.

      Porcelain has been traditionally manufactured in Toul. Other industries include printing and metalworking. Toul is an administrative centre, and its economy has merged with that of the adjacent town of Nancy. Pop. (1999) 16,945; (2005 est.) 16,300.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Toul — Toul …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Toul — Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Toul —   [tul],    1) Stadt in Lothringen, Département Meurthe et Moselle, Frankreich, an der Mosel und am Rhein Marne Kanal, 17 300 Einwohner; Gießerei, Holz , Glas , Papier und Bekleidungsindustrie, Reifenfabrik; …   Universal-Lexikon

  • TOUL — TOUL, city in the department Meurthe et Moselle in N.E. France. The earliest reference to the existence of Jews there is The Life of St. Mansuy, written in 974, in which the author mentions a Jewish physician in Toul. The tosafists eliezer of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Toul — (spr. tūl), Arrondissementshauptstadt im franz. Depart. Meurthe et Moselle, 204 m ü. M., am linken Ufer der Mosel, am Marne Rhein und am Ostkanal, nur 35 km von der deutschen Grenze, Knotenpunkt der Ostbahn und Festung ersten Ranges mit einem… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • toul — en Lorraine, et le païs à l environ de Toul, Tulingi, hodie Tullenses. Inde Tullensis Episcopus …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Toul — (spr. Tuhl), 1) Arrondissement im französischen Departement Meurthe; 241/2 QM., 65,500 Ew.; 2) Hauptstadt u. Festung dritten Ranges daselbst, an der Mosel (darüber steinerne Brücke) u. der Paris Strasburger Eisenbahn, mehre Kirchen (darunter die… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Toul — (spr. tul), Stadt und Festung ersten Ranges im franz. Dep. Meurthe et Moselle, an der Mosel und dem Rhein Marne Kanal, (1901) 12.287 E., Befestigungswerke im Umfang von 46 km; bis 1552 deutsche Reichsstadt, seitdem französisch, kapitulierte 23.… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Toul — (Tuhl), ehemals das deutsche Tull, frz. Festung an der Mosel u. der Paris Straßburger Eisenbahn, mit alter Kathedrale, 9000 E., lebhafter Fabrikation. Das Bisthum T. gehörte zu den ältesten u. ausgedehntesten u. war Reichsfürstenthum, die Stadt… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Toul — 48° 40′ 30″ N 5° 53′ 30″ E / 48.675, 5.89166666667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Toul — French commune nomcommune=Toul région=Lorraine département=Meurthe et Moselle ( sous préfecture ) arrondissement=Toul canton=Chief town of 2 cantons insee=|cp=54200|maire=|mandat=2001 2008 intercomm=Communauté de communes du Toulois… …   Wikipedia

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