/ton"kin", tong"-/, n.
1. a former state in N French Indochina, now part of Vietnam.
2. Gulf of, an arm of the South China Sea, W of Hainan. 300 mi. (485 km) long.
Also, Tongking, Tonking /ton"king", tong"-/.

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Former French protectorate, mainland Southeast Asia, now constituting the greater part of northern Vietnam.

It was part of China from the 2nd century BC until the Vietnamese won independence in the 10th century AD. The French seized the area in 1883, making it a protectorate; it was joined with other regions controlled by France in 1887 to form French Indochina. It was the chief focus in the area of anti-French fighting after World War II.

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▪ colonial region, Vietnam
also spelled  Tongking,  

      northern Vietnam during the French colonial period. The term Tonkin was never officially used by the Vietnamese to describe their country.

      Tonkin was centred on the densely populated and intensively cultivated Red River delta. It lay north of the Ma River, Ninh Binh being its southernmost major town, and extended northward to China's southern border.

      Northern Vietnam had a long history of struggles between feudal rivals. It became a French protectorate in 1883 after years of dispute between France and China regarding its suzerainty, which alternated for centuries between the Vietnamese kingdoms and imperial China. Strongly influenced by the Chinese throughout its history, it was the chief focus of anti-French fighting after World War II.

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Universalium. 2010.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tonkin — (golfe du) ou Bac Bô (golfe du) golfe de la mer de Chine méridionale, situé entre les côtes du Bac Bô et du Trung Bô (Viêt nam) et l île d Hainan (Chine). Tonkin ancienne désignation européenne du nord du Viêt nam, correspondant au Bac Bô actuel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Tonkín — Forma tradicional española del nombre de esta región del norte de Vietnam: «Había conquistado [Napoleón] el sureste asiático, del golfo de Tonkín al delta del Mekong» (Fuentes Espejo [Méx. 1992]). Debe escribirse con tilde, por ser palabra aguda… …   Diccionario panhispánico de dudas

  • tonkin — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. tonkinnie {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} odmiana bambusa, występująca głównie w Wietnamie, Laosie i Kampuczy, cechująca się dużą elastycznością, lekkością i wytrzymałością, używana do wyrobu kijków narciarskich,… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, Reich. so v.w. Tunkin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, franz. Kolonie, s. Tongking …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, s. Tongking …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Tonkin — Tonkin, golfo de (Bac phan) ► Región histórica de Indochina, en Vietnam del Norte, junto a China. Hanoi y Haiphong son sus principales c. Protectorado francés desde 1883, fue el principal foco antifrancés de Indochina tras la Segunda Guerra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tonkin — [tän′kin, tän′kin′] 1. historical region and former French protectorate in NE Indochina: the N part of Vietnam 2. Gulf of arm of the South China Sea between Hainan Island & the coasts of S China & N Vietnam Tonkinese [tän′kinēz′, tän′kinēs′] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Tonkin — Le Tonkin, aussi écrit Tongkin ou Tong king, est la partie septentrionale du Viêt Nam actuel à l ouest du Golfe du Tonkin. Cette ancienne grande division territoriale du royaume de Cochinchine ou d Annam, fondée sur sa vieille capitale, est… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tonkin — For other uses, see Tonkin (disambiguation). Map of Vietnam showing the conquest of the South over 900 years …   Wikipedia

  • Tonkin — Alte Karte Tonkins aus Meyers Konversationslexikon (1885 90) Als Tonkin, auch Tongking, vietnamesisch Bắc Bộ (Nordgrenze), wird der nördlichste Teil von Vietnam bezeichnet. Die Bezeichnung wurde nie offiziell durch Vietnam verwendet. Đông Kinh… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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