/tiv/, n., pl. Tivs, (esp. collectively) Tiv.
1. a member of an African people living N and S of the lower Benue River in E Nigeria.
2. the Benue-Congo language of the Tiv.

* * *

People living along the Benue River in Nigeria.

They number more than 2.5 million and speak a Benue-Congo language of the Niger-Congo family. The Tiv cultivate yams, millet, and sorghum. A family occupies a cluster of round huts; brothers usually live next to one another. Some Tiv have converted to Christianity, and a few have adopted Islam, but the traditional religion based on a creator-god remains strong.

* * *

      people living on both sides of the Benue River in Nigeria; they speak a language of the Benue-Congo branch of the Niger-Congo family.

      The Tiv are subsistence farmers whose main crops are yams, millet, and sorghum, all of which are eaten as porridge or are made more palatable by their combination in sauces and stews. Although goats and chickens are plentiful, few cattle are kept because of the tsetse fly. The polygynous Tiv family occupies a cluster of round huts surrounding a reception hut; brothers usually live next to one another.

      Tiv social organization is based on patrilineages that are closely associated with particular geographic features; in segmentary lineage systems such as the Tiv's, a given lineage may be associated, more or less exactly, to a particular village, a group of lineages to a larger district, and so on. Genealogies go back many generations to a single ancestor; the descendants (through the male line) of each person in the genealogy thus form a territorial kinship group. The force of patrilineal descent, while dominant in Tiv institutions, is balanced by institutions such as age grades (groups of men of about the same age who provide mutual assistance and allies against lineage pressure), cooperative groups, and institutionalized friendships. Although traditionally the Tiv had no chiefs (political decisions were made by lineage elders), the British administration established a paramount chief in 1948. The Tiv's complex system of exchange marriage was outlawed in 1927 and was replaced by marriage with bridewealth.

      Some Tiv have converted to Christianity, and a lesser number have adopted Islam; but their traditional religion, based on the manipulation of forces (akombo) entrusted to humans by a creator god, remains strong. The akombo are manifested in certain symbols or emblems and in diseases that they create. An organization of elders who have the ability to manipulate these forces meets at night to repair those manifestations of akombo (e.g., epidemics) that affect the group; these phenomena require human sacrifice or its metaphorical equivalent. The Tiv numbered about 2,500,000 in the late 20th century.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tiv — Populations Population totale 3 844 000 Populations significatives par régions  Nigeria 3 843 000 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tiv Ol — was a Cambodian teacher and communist politician. Tiv Ol joined the Khmer People s Revolutionary Party (which later involved into the Workers Party of Kampuchea/Communist Party of Kampuchea) in the autumn of 1959.Kiernan, Ben. How Pol Pot Came to …   Wikipedia

  • tiv — TIV, tivuri, s.n. Margine a unui obiect de stofă, de pânză etc., îndoită şi fixată printr o cusătură pentru a împiedica destrămarea ţesăturii. – et. nec. Trimis de RACAI, 07.12.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  TIV s. 1. tivitură, (pop.) refec, (înv. şi… …   Dicționar Român

  • TIV — steht für: den Flughafen Tivat in Montenegro (IATA Code) Tiv bezeichnet: ein westafrikanisches Volk, siehe Tiv (Volk) eine Bantusprache, siehe Tiv (Sprache) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tiv — steht für: den Flughafen Tivat in Montenegro (IATA Code) Tornado Intercept Vehicle, einem Spezialfahrzeug, von dem aus Tornados gefilmt und erforscht werden können. TIV („True Image Vision“), einen ehemaligen Wiener Kabelfernsehsender (1998 bis… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tiv — ˈtiv noun (plural tiv or tivs) Usage: usually capitalized 1. a. : a prominent peasant people of central Nigeria noted for brass casting, wood carving, and music called also …   Useful english dictionary

  • tiv|y — «TIHV ee», verb, tiv|ied, tiv|y|ing, interjection. –v.i. to rush headlong, as a hunter on horseback. –interj. tantivy. ╂[short for tantivy] …   Useful english dictionary

  • TIV — Abreviatura de transfusión intravenosa. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la Salud, Ediciones Hancourt, S.A. 1999 …   Diccionario médico

  • Tiv — population établie dans le centre du Nigeria (env. 2 millions de personnes). Ils parlent une langue nigéro congolaise du groupe Bénoué Congo …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tiv — ab·sorp·tiv·i·ty; ac·tiv·ism; ac·tiv·i·ty; ac·tiv·ize; ad·di·tiv·i·ty; ad·jec·tiv·ize; af·fec·tiv·i·ty; al·ter·na·tiv·i·ty; ca·pac·i·tiv·i·ty; cap·tiv·i·ty; cog·ni·tiv·ism; cog·ni·tiv·ist; col·lec·tiv·ism; col·lec·tiv·i·ty; col·lec·tiv·ize;… …   English syllables

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”